Key data for Zambia

NCI23rd HRCI38th HANCI30th
HANCI compares 45 developing countries for their performance on 22 indicators of political commitment to reduce hunger and undernutrition. All the countries compared in the index have high rates of hunger and undernutrition. The comparative approach of the index means that country scores are calculated in relation to the political commitment of the other countries in the index.
Existing rates of: Stunting: 40.10% Wasting: 6% Proportion of population underweight: 14.80% Source: Gov. of Zambia (DHS, 2014)

Strong Performance

  • The Government encourages varied agricultural research and extension services, and local farmer organisations are involved in setting policy priorities. The extension system is effective and properly reaches out to poor farmers. Government policies, strategies and mechanisms seek to ensure gender equity in access to extension services.
  • The National Nutrition Policy/Strategy identifies time bound nutrition targets and a multisectoral and multistakeholder policy coordination mechanism has been set up.
  • Policymakers in Zambia benefit from regular nutrition surveys that are statistically representative at national level. The last survey was published in 2013-2014.
  • The Government has enshrined aspects of the International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes into domestic law.
  • The Government of Zambia promotes complementary feeding practices and has achieved two high doses of vitamin A supplementation for 93% of children in 2013.
  • In Zambia 93.7% of women aged 15-49 were visited at least once during pregnancy by skilled health personnel in 2007.

Areas for improvement

  • Spending on agriculture (4.98% of public spending in 2013), does not meet government commitments set out in the African Union’s Maputo Declaration (10% of public spending).
  • In Zambia, law does neither give women economic rights or agricultural land access rights equal to men. This increases women and children's vulnerability to hunger and undernutrition.
  • Weak access to an improved source of drinking water (63.3% in 2012) and an improved sanitation facility (42.8% in 2012) prevents positive outcomes for hunger and nutrition in Zambia.
  • In Zambia, constitutional protection of the right to food and the right to social security is weak.
  • Civil registration rates are weak (11.3% in 2014) and potentially hold back children’s access to critical public services such as health and education.

Hunger Reduction Commitment Index (HRCI)

Public Spending Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Public spending on agriculture as share of total public spending
?
4.98%201320th
Public spending on health as share of total public spending
?
16.4%20126th
Policies Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Access to land (security of tenure)
?
Moderate201325th
Access to agricultural research and extension services
?
Strong201315th
Civil registration system — coverage of live births
?
11.3%201444th
Functioning of social protection systems
?
Weak201412th
Laws Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Level of constitutional protection of the right to food
?
Weak200620th
Equality of women’s access to agricultural land
?
In Law, not in Practice201441st
Equality of women’s economic rights
?
No201130th
Constitutional right to social security
?
No200631st

Nutrition Commitment Index (NCI)

Public Spending Score Year NCI rank of 45
Separate budget for nutrition
?
Sectoral only201420th
Policies Score Year NCI rank of 45
Vitamin A supplementation coverage for children
?
93.0%201320th
Government promotes complementary feeding
?
Yes20141st
Population with access to an improved water source
?
63.3%201232nd
Population with access to improved sanitation
?
42.8%201220th
Health care visits for pregnant women
?
93.7%200715th
Nutrition features in national development policy
?
Moderate201316th
National Nutrition Policy/Strategy
?
Yes20141st
Multisector and multistakeholder policy coordination
?
Yes20141st
Time bound nutrition targets
?
Yes20141st
National nutrition survey in last 3 years
?
Yes20141st
Laws Score Year NCI rank of 45
Enshrine ICBMS in domestic law
?
Aspects Enshrined201421st