Key data for Yemen

NCI33rd HRCI43rd HANCI42nd
HANCI compares 45 developing countries for their performance on 22 indicators of political commitment to reduce hunger and undernutrition. All the countries compared in the index have high rates of hunger and undernutrition. The comparative approach of the index means that country scores are calculated in relation to the political commitment of the other countries in the index.
Existing rates of: Stunting: 46.60% Wasting: 13.3% Proportion of population underweight: 35.50% Source: Gov. of Yemen (Food Security Survey, 2011)

Strong Performance

  • Government of Yemen has ensured tenure security for rural populations. Land titling is common and land markets function well. Policy promotes equitable access to common property resources.
  • The Government encourages varied agricultural research and extension services, and local farmer organisations are involved in setting policy priorities. The extension system is effective and properly reaches out to poor farmers. Government policies, strategies and mechanisms seek to ensure gender equity in access to extension services.
  • Yemen has devised a National Nutrition Policy/Strategy.
  • Yemen has introduced a multisectoral and multistakeholder policy coordination mechanism to support delivery of the National Nutrition Policy/Strategy.
  • The Government has fully enshrined the International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes into domestic law.

Areas for improvement

  • In Yemen, the law does not give women economic rights equal to men. Men and women have equal legal access to agricultural land, but this is not effectively enforced and discriminatory practices against women continue, increasing their vulnerability to hunger and undernutrition.
  • Relative to other HANCI countries, Yemen's medium/long term national development policy (Socio-Economic Development Plan for Poverty Reduction) places weak importance to nutrition.
  • Yemen does not have a separate budget line for nutrition; this prevents transparency and accountability for spending.
  • Even though Yemen has developed a National Nutrition Policy/Strategy and a multisectoral and multistakeholder policy coordination mechanism, clear time-bound nutrition targets are still lacking.
  • Policymakers in Yemen do not benefit from regular nutrition surveys that are statistically representative at national level. The last survey was published in 2007.
  • The Government of Yemen does not promote complementary feeding practices.
  • Weak access to an improved source of drinking water (54.9% in 2012) and an improved sanitation facility (53.3% in 2012) prevents positive outcomes for hunger and nutrition in Yemen.
  • In Yemen only 64.8% of women aged 15-49 were visited at least once during pregnancy by skilled health personnel in 2012.
  • In Yemen, constitutional protection of the right to food and the right to social security is weak.
  • Social safety nets in Yemen are basic and only cover few risks for a limited number of beneficiaries.

Hunger Reduction Commitment Index (HRCI)

Public Spending Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Public spending on agriculture as share of total public spending
?
1.1%200742nd
Public spending on health as share of total public spending
?
4%201244th
Policies Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Access to land (security of tenure)
?
Strong20132nd
Access to agricultural research and extension services
?
Strong201315th
Civil registration system — coverage of live births
?
17.1%201242nd
Functioning of social protection systems
?
Weak201436th
Laws Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Level of constitutional protection of the right to food
?
Weak201120th
Equality of women’s access to agricultural land
?
In Law, not in Practice20144th
Equality of women’s economic rights
?
No201130th
Constitutional right to social security
?
No200631st

Nutrition Commitment Index (NCI)

Public Spending Score Year NCI rank of 45
Separate budget for nutrition
?
Sectoral only201428th
Policies Score Year NCI rank of 45
Vitamin A supplementation coverage for children
?
87.0%201326th
Government promotes complementary feeding
?
No201044th
Population with access to an improved water source
?
54.9%201237th
Population with access to improved sanitation
?
53.3%201214th
Health care visits for pregnant women
?
64.8%201240th
Nutrition features in national development policy
?
Weak201332nd
National Nutrition Policy/Strategy
?
Yes20141st
Multisector and multistakeholder policy coordination
?
Yes20141st
Time bound nutrition targets
?
No201237th
National nutrition survey in last 3 years
?
No201334th
Laws Score Year NCI rank of 45
Enshrine ICBMS in domestic law
?
Fully enshrined20141st