Key data for Yemen

NCI38th HRCI44th HANCI42nd
HANCI compares 45 countries for their performance on 22 indicators of political commitment to reduce hunger and undernutrition. All the countries compared in the index have high rates of hunger and undernutrition. The comparative approach of the index means that country scores are calculated in relation to the political commitment of the other countries in the index.
Existing rates of: Stunting: 46.5% Wasting: 16.3% Proportion of population underweight: 16.3% Source: Government of Yemen (DHS, 2013)

Strong Performance

  • The Government of Yemen has ensured tenure security for rural populations. Land titling is common and land markets function well. Policy promotes equitable access to common property resources.
  • The Government encourages varied agricultural research and extension services, and local farmer organisations are involved in setting policy priorities. The extension system is effective and properly reaches out to poor farmers. Government policies, strategies and mechanisms seek to ensure gender equity in access to extension services.
  • The National Nutrition Policy/Strategy identifies time bound nutrition targets and a multisectoral and multistakeholder policy coordination mechanism has been set up.
  • The Government has fully enshrined the International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes into domestic law.
  • 91.7% of the population of Yemen in 2015 has access to an improved drinking water source.

Areas for improvement

  • In Yemen, the law does not give women economic rights equal to men. Men and women have equal legal access to agricultural land, but this is not effectively enforced and discriminatory practices against women continue, increasing their vulnerability to hunger and undernutrition.
  • Relative to other HANCI countries, Yemen’s medium/long term national development policy (Socio-Economic Development Plan for Poverty Reduction) places weak importance to nutrition.
  • Yemen does not have a separate budget line for nutrition; this prevents transparency and accountability for spending.
  • Policymakers in Yemen do not benefit from regular nutrition surveys that are statistically representative at national level. The last survey was published in 2013.
  • The Government of Yemen does not promote complementary feeding practices and has achieved two high doses of vitamin A supplementation for only 8% of children in 2015.
  • Weak access to improved sanitation facilities (59.7% in 2015) obstructs better hunger and nutrition outcomes.
  • In Yemen only 59.8% of women aged 15-49 were visited at least once during pregnancy by skilled health personnel in 2013.
  • In Yemen, constitutional protection of the right to food and the right to social security is weak.
  • Social safety nets in Yemen are basic and only cover few risks for a limited number of beneficiaries.

Hunger Reduction Commitment Index (HRCI)

Public Spending Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Public spending on agriculture as share of total public spending
?
1.1%200743rd
Public spending on health as share of total public spending
?
2.2%201543rd
Policies Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Access to land (security of tenure)
?
Strong2016Joint 10th
Access to agricultural research and extension services
?
Strong2013Joint 15th
Civil registration system — coverage of live births
?
30.7%201337th
Functioning of social protection systems
?
Weak2016Joint 22nd
Laws Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Level of constitutional protection of the right to food
?
Weak2017Joint 30th
Equality of women’s access to agricultural land
?
In Law, not in Practice2014Joint 4th
Equality of women’s economic rights
?
Not in Law2014Joint 30th
Constitutional right to social security
?
No2017Joint 34th

Nutrition Commitment Index (NCI)

Public Spending Score Year NCI rank of 45
Separate budget for nutrition
?
No2017Joint 35th
Policies Score Year NCI rank of 45
Vitamin A supplementation coverage for children
?
8%201543rd
Government promotes complementary feeding
?
No201045th
Population with access to an improved water source
?
91.7%201510th
Population with access to improved sanitation
?
59.7%201511th
Health care visits for pregnant women
?
59.8%201343rd
Nutrition features in national development policy
?
Weak2006-201032nd
National Nutrition Policy/Strategy
?
Yes2017Joint 1st
Multisector and multistakeholder policy coordination
?
Yes2017Joint 1st
Time bound nutrition targets
?
Yes2017Joint 1st
National nutrition survey in last 3 years
?
No2013Joint 40th
Laws Score Year NCI rank of 45
Enshrine ICBMS in domestic law
?
Fully Enshrined2016Joint 1st