Key data for Vietnam

NCI20th HRCI12th HANCI12th
HANCI compares 45 developing countries for their performance on 22 indicators of political commitment to reduce hunger and undernutrition. All the countries compared in the index have high rates of hunger and undernutrition. The comparative approach of the index means that country scores are calculated in relation to the political commitment of the other countries in the index.
Existing rates of: Stunting: 19.40% Wasting: 5.7% Proportion of population underweight: 12.10% Source: Gov. of Vietnam (Nutrition Surveillance Profile, 2013)

Strong Performance

  • The Government encourages varied agricultural research and extension services, and local farmer organisations are involved in setting policy priorities. The extension system is effective and properly reaches out to poor farmers. Government policies, strategies and mechanisms seek to ensure gender equity in access to extension services.
  • The National Nutrition Policy/Strategy identifies time bound nutrition targets and a multisectoral and multistakeholder policy coordination mechanism has been set up.
  • Policymakers in Vietnam benefit from regular nutrition surveys that are statistically representative at national level. The last survey was published in 2013-2014.
  • The Government has enshrined aspects of the International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes into domestic law.
  • The Government of Vietnam promotes complementary feeding practices and has achieved two high doses of vitamin A supplementation for 98% of children in 2012.
  • 95% of the population of Vietnam in 2012 has access to an improved drinking water source.
  • In Vietnam 93.7% of women aged 15-49 were visited at least once during pregnancy by skilled health personnel in 2011.
  • In Vietnam, constitutional protection of the right to social security is strong.
  • Strong civil registration rates (95% in 2011) potentially enable children’s access to critical public services such as health and education.

Areas for improvement

  • In Vietnam, the law gives women and men equal economic rights and equal legal access to agricultural land. However, these laws are not effectively enforced and discriminatory practices against women continue, increasing their vulnerability to hunger and undernutrition.
  • Relative to other HANCI countries, Vietnam's medium/long term national development policy (The Five Year Socio-Economic Development Plan) places weak importance to nutrition.
  • In Vietnam, constitutional protection of the right to food is weak.

Hunger Reduction Commitment Index (HRCI)

Public Spending Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Public spending on agriculture as share of total public spending
?
3.9%201026th
Public spending on health as share of total public spending
?
9.5%201229th
Policies Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Access to land (security of tenure)
?
Moderate201316th
Access to agricultural research and extension services
?
Strong20134th
Civil registration system — coverage of live births
?
95.0%20113rd
Functioning of social protection systems
?
Moderate20142nd
Laws Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Level of constitutional protection of the right to food
?
Weak201120th
Equality of women’s access to agricultural land
?
In Law, not in Practice20144th
Equality of women’s economic rights
?
Not Enforced20115th
Constitutional right to social security
?
Yes20061st

Nutrition Commitment Index (NCI)

Public Spending Score Year NCI rank of 45
Separate budget for nutrition
?
Sectoral only201420th
Policies Score Year NCI rank of 45
Vitamin A supplementation coverage for children
?
98.0%201211th
Government promotes complementary feeding
?
Yes20121st
Population with access to an improved water source
?
95.0%20123rd
Population with access to improved sanitation
?
75.0%20124th
Health care visits for pregnant women
?
93.7%201115th
Nutrition features in national development policy
?
Weak201337th
National Nutrition Policy/Strategy
?
Yes20141st
Multisector and multistakeholder policy coordination
?
Yes20141st
Time bound nutrition targets
?
Yes20141st
National nutrition survey in last 3 years
?
Yes20141st
Laws Score Year NCI rank of 45
Enshrine ICBMS in domestic law
?
Aspects Enshrined201421st