Key data for Viet Nam

NCI37th HRCI9th HANCI21st
HANCI compares 45 countries for their performance on 22 indicators of political commitment to reduce hunger and undernutrition. All the countries compared in the index have high rates of hunger and undernutrition. The comparative approach of the index means that country scores are calculated in relation to the political commitment of the other countries in the index.
Existing rates of: Stunting: 24.6% Wasting: 6.4% Proportion of population underweight: 6.4% Source: Government of Viet Nam (Nutrition Surveillance Profiles, 2015)

Strong Performance

  • The Government of Viet Nam has ensured tenure security for rural populations. Land titling is common and land markets function well. Policy promotes equitable access to common property resources.
  • The Government encourages varied agricultural research and extension services, and local farmer organisations are involved in setting policy priorities. The extension system is effective and properly reaches out to poor farmers. Government policies, strategies and mechanisms seek to ensure gender equity in access to extension services.
  • Viet Nam has devised a National Nutrition Policy/Strategy.
  • Policymakers in Viet Nam benefit from regular nutrition surveys that are statistically representative at national level. The last survey was published in 2013-2014.
  • The Government of Viet Nam promotes complementary feeding practices and has achieved two high doses of vitamin A supplementation for 97% of children in 2015.
  • 94.2% of the population of Viet Nam in 2015 has access to an improved drinking water source.
  • In Viet Nam 95.8% of women aged 15-49 were visited at least once during pregnancy by skilled health personnel in 2014.
  • In Viet Nam, constitutional protection of the right to social security is strong.
  • Strong civil registration rates (96.1% in 2014) potentially enable children’s access to critical public services such as health and education.

Areas for improvement

  • In Viet Nam, the law gives women and men equal economic rights and equal legal access to agricultural land. However, these laws are not effectively enforced and discriminatory practices against women continue, increasing their vulnerability to hunger and undernutrition.
  • Relative to other HANCI countries, Viet Nam’s medium/long term national development policy (The Five Year Socio-Economic Development Plan) places weak importance to nutrition.
  • Even though Viet Nam has developed a National Nutrition Policy/Strategy and clear time-bound nutrition targets, a multisectoral and multistakeholder policy coordination mechanism is still lacking.
  • In Viet Nam, constitutional protection of the right to food is weak.

Hunger Reduction Commitment Index (HRCI)

Public Spending Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Public spending on agriculture as share of total public spending
Public spending on health as share of total public spending
7.9%2015Joint 12th
Policies Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Access to land (security of tenure)
Strong2016Joint 10th
Access to agricultural research and extension services
Strong2013Joint 4th
Civil registration system — coverage of live births
Functioning of social protection systems
Moderate2016Joint 5th
Laws Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Level of constitutional protection of the right to food
Weak2017Joint 30th
Equality of women’s access to agricultural land
In Law, not in Practice2014Joint 4th
Equality of women’s economic rights
In Law, not in Practice2014Joint 1st
Constitutional right to social security
Yes2017Joint 1st

Nutrition Commitment Index (NCI)

Public Spending Score Year NCI rank of 45
Separate budget for nutrition
Sectoral only2017Joint 22nd
Policies Score Year NCI rank of 45
Vitamin A supplementation coverage for children
97%2015Joint 8th
Government promotes complementary feeding
Yes2012Joint 1st
Population with access to an improved water source
Population with access to improved sanitation
Health care visits for pregnant women
Nutrition features in national development policy
National Nutrition Policy/Strategy
Yes2017Joint 1st
Multisector and multistakeholder policy coordination
No2017Joint 40th
Time bound nutrition targets
Yes2017Joint 1st
National nutrition survey in last 3 years
Yes2013-2014Joint 1st
Laws Score Year NCI rank of 45
Enshrine ICBMS in domestic law