Key data for Togo

NCI42nd HRCI16th HANCI35th
HANCI compares 45 developing countries for their performance on 22 indicators of political commitment to reduce hunger and undernutrition. All the countries compared in the index have high rates of hunger and undernutrition. The comparative approach of the index means that country scores are calculated in relation to the political commitment of the other countries in the index.
Existing rates of: Stunting: 29.80% Wasting: 4.8% Proportion of population underweight: 16.50% Source: Gov. of Togo (MICS, 2010)

Strong Performance

  • Relative to other HANCI countries, Togo's medium/long term national development policy (PRSP) assigns strong importance to nutrition.
  • Togo has devised a National Nutrition Policy/Strategy.
  • Policymakers in Togo benefit from regular nutrition surveys that are statistically representative at national level. The last survey was published in 2013-2014.
  • The Government of Togo promotes complementary feeding practices.
  • In Togo, constitutional protection of the right to social security is strong.

Areas for improvement

  • Spending on agriculture (7.76% of public spending in 2013) is close to, yet not fully meeting government commitments set out in the African Union’s Maputo Declaration (10% of public spending).
  • Government of Togo has not ensured tenure security for rural populations. Land titling is weak and land markets do not function well.
  • In Togo, the law gives women and men equal economic rights and equal legal access to agricultural land. However, these laws are not effectively enforced and discriminatory practices against women continue, increasing their vulnerability to hunger and undernutrition.
  • Togo does not have a separate budget line for nutrition; this prevents transparency and accountability for spending.
  • Even though Togo has developed a National Nutrition Policy/Strategy and clear time-bound nutrition targets, a multisectoral and multistakeholder policy coordination mechanism is still lacking.
  • The Government of Togo has not enshrined the International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes into domestic law.
  • The Government of Togo has only achieved two high doses of vitamin A supplementation for 61% of children in 2013.
  • Weak access to an improved source of drinking water (60% in 2012) and an improved sanitation facility (11.3% in 2012) prevents positive outcomes for hunger and nutrition in Togo.
  • In Togo, constitutional protection of the right to food is weak.

Hunger Reduction Commitment Index (HRCI)

Public Spending Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Public spending on agriculture as share of total public spending
Public spending on health as share of total public spending
Policies Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Access to land (security of tenure)
Access to agricultural research and extension services
Civil registration system — coverage of live births
Functioning of social protection systems
Laws Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Level of constitutional protection of the right to food
Equality of women’s access to agricultural land
In Law, not in Practice20144th
Equality of women’s economic rights
Not Enforced20115th
Constitutional right to social security

Nutrition Commitment Index (NCI)

Public Spending Score Year NCI rank of 45
Separate budget for nutrition
Sectoral only201228th
Policies Score Year NCI rank of 45
Vitamin A supplementation coverage for children
Government promotes complementary feeding
Population with access to an improved water source
Population with access to improved sanitation
Health care visits for pregnant women
Nutrition features in national development policy
National Nutrition Policy/Strategy
Multisector and multistakeholder policy coordination
Time bound nutrition targets
National nutrition survey in last 3 years
Laws Score Year NCI rank of 45
Enshrine ICBMS in domestic law
Not Enshrined in Law201438th