Key data for Sudan

NCI39th HRCI26th HANCI36th
HANCI compares 45 countries for their performance on 22 indicators of political commitment to reduce hunger and undernutrition. All the countries compared in the index have high rates of hunger and undernutrition. The comparative approach of the index means that country scores are calculated in relation to the political commitment of the other countries in the index.
Existing rates of: Stunting: 38.2% Wasting: 16.3% Proportion of population underweight: 16.3% Source: Government of Sudan (MICS, 2014)

Strong Performance

  • Spending on agriculture (13.4% of public spending in 2016) meets government commitments set out in the African Union’s Maputo Declaration (10% of public spending).
  • Sudan’s spending in its health sector (18.1% of public spending in 2015) exceeds commitment (15%) set out in the Abuja Declaration.
  • The National Nutrition Policy/Strategy identifies time bound nutrition targets and a multisectoral and multistakeholder policy coordination mechanism has been set up.
  • Policymakers in Sudan benefit from regular nutrition surveys that are statistically representative at national level. The last survey was published in 2014.
  • The Government of Sudan promotes complementary feeding practices.
  • In Sudan, constitutional protection of the right to social security is strong.

Areas for improvement

  • In Sudan, law does neither give women economic rights or agricultural land access rights equal to men. This increases women and children’s vulnerability to hunger and undernutrition.
  • Relative to other HANCI countries, Sudan’s medium/long term national development policy (The Five-Year Plan) places weak importance to nutrition.
  • Weak access to an improved source of drinking water (68% in 2014) and an improved sanitation facility (32.9% in 2014) prevents positive outcomes for hunger and nutrition in Sudan.
  • In Sudan, constitutional protection of the right to food is weak.
  • The Government of Sudan does not provide social safety nets.
  • Civil registration rates are weak (67.3% in 2014) and potentially hold back children’s access to critical public services such as health and education.

Hunger Reduction Commitment Index (HRCI)

Public Spending Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Public spending on agriculture as share of total public spending
?
13.4%20164th
Public spending on health as share of total public spending
?
18.1%20151st
Policies Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Access to land (security of tenure)
?
Moderate2016Joint 20th
Access to agricultural research and extension services
?
Moderate2013Joint 27th
Civil registration system — coverage of live births
?
67.3%201422nd
Functioning of social protection systems
?
Very Weak2016Joint 43rd
Laws Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Level of constitutional protection of the right to food
?
Weak2016Joint 30th
Equality of women’s access to agricultural land
?
Not in Law2014Joint 41st
Equality of women’s economic rights
?
Not in Law2014Joint 30th
Constitutional right to social security
?
Yes2006Joint 1st

Nutrition Commitment Index (NCI)

Public Spending Score Year NCI rank of 45
Separate budget for nutrition
?
Sectoral only2017Joint 22nd
Policies Score Year NCI rank of 45
Vitamin A supplementation coverage for children
?
72%2015Joint 24th
Government promotes complementary feeding
?
Yes2010Joint 1st
Population with access to an improved water source
?
68%201434th
Population with access to improved sanitation
?
32.9%201425th
Health care visits for pregnant women
?
79.1%201436th
Nutrition features in national development policy
?
Weak2007-2011Joint 44th
National Nutrition Policy/Strategy
?
Yes2017Joint 1st
Multisector and multistakeholder policy coordination
?
Yes2017Joint 1st
Time bound nutrition targets
?
Yes2017Joint 1st
National nutrition survey in last 3 years
?
Yes2014Joint 1st
Laws Score Year NCI rank of 45
Enshrine ICBMS in domestic law
?
Few Aspects Enshrined2016Joint 34th