Key data for Sudan

NCI43rd HRCI40th HANCI44th
HANCI compares 45 developing countries for their performance on 22 indicators of political commitment to reduce hunger and undernutrition. All the countries compared in the index have high rates of hunger and undernutrition. The comparative approach of the index means that country scores are calculated in relation to the political commitment of the other countries in the index.
Existing rates of: Stunting: 35.00% Wasting: 16.4% Proportion of population underweight: 32.20% Source: Gov. of Sudan (Household Health Survey, 2010)

Strong Performance

  • Sudan has devised a National Nutrition Policy/Strategy.
  • Policymakers in Sudan benefit from regular nutrition surveys that are statistically representative at national level. The last survey was published in 2014.
  • The Government has enshrined aspects of the International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes into domestic law.
  • The Government of Sudan promotes complementary feeding practices.
  • In Sudan, constitutional protection of the right to social security is strong.

Areas for improvement

  • Spending on agriculture (2.55% of public spending in 2013), does not meet government commitments set out in the African Union’s Maputo Declaration (10% of public spending).
  • Sudan’s spending in its health sector (10.7% of public spending in 2012) does not fully meet (15%) commitments set out in the Abuja Declaration.
  • In Sudan, law does neither give women economic rights or agricultural land access rights equal to men. This increases women and children's vulnerability to hunger and undernutrition.
  • Relative to other HANCI countries, Sudan's medium/long term national development policy (The Five-Year Plan) places weak importance to nutrition.
  • Sudan does not have a separate budget line for nutrition; this prevents transparency and accountability for spending.
  • Even though Sudan has developed a National Nutrition Policy/Strategy, clear time-bound nutrition targets and a multisectoral and multistakeholder policy coordination mechanism are still lacking.
  • Weak access to an improved source of drinking water (55.5% in 2012) and an improved sanitation facility (23.6% in 2012) prevents positive outcomes for hunger and nutrition in Sudan.
  • In Sudan, constitutional protection of the right to food is weak.
  • The Government of Sudan does not provide social safety nets.

Hunger Reduction Commitment Index (HRCI)

Public Spending Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Public spending on agriculture as share of total public spending
?
2.55%201335th
Public spending on health as share of total public spending
?
10.7%201219th
Policies Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Access to land (security of tenure)
?
Moderate201322nd
Access to agricultural research and extension services
?
Moderate201327th
Civil registration system — coverage of live births
?
59.3%201027th
Functioning of social protection systems
?
Weak201441st
Laws Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Level of constitutional protection of the right to food
?
Weak201120th
Equality of women’s access to agricultural land
?
In Law, not in Practice201441st
Equality of women’s economic rights
?
No201130th
Constitutional right to social security
?
Yes20061st

Nutrition Commitment Index (NCI)

Public Spending Score Year NCI rank of 45
Separate budget for nutrition
?
Sectoral only201228th
Policies Score Year NCI rank of 45
Vitamin A supplementation coverage for children
?
83.0%201228th
Government promotes complementary feeding
?
Yes20101st
Population with access to an improved water source
?
55.5%201236th
Population with access to improved sanitation
?
23.6%201231st
Health care visits for pregnant women
?
74.3%201036th
Nutrition features in national development policy
?
Weak201342nd
National Nutrition Policy/Strategy
?
Yes20141st
Multisector and multistakeholder policy coordination
?
No201239th
Time bound nutrition targets
?
No201237th
National nutrition survey in last 3 years
?
Yes20141st
Laws Score Year NCI rank of 45
Enshrine ICBMS in domestic law
?
Aspects Enshrined201433rd