Key data for South Africa

NCI15th HRCI11th HANCI9th
HANCI compares 45 developing countries for their performance on 22 indicators of political commitment to reduce hunger and undernutrition. All the countries compared in the index have high rates of hunger and undernutrition. The comparative approach of the index means that country scores are calculated in relation to the political commitment of the other countries in the index.
Existing rates of: Stunting: 23.90% Wasting: 4.7% Proportion of population underweight: 8.70% Source: Gov. of South Africa (NIDS, 2008)

Strong Performance

  • Government of South Africa has ensured tenure security for rural populations. Land titling is common and land markets function well. Policy promotes equitable access to common property resources.
  • South Africa instituted a separate budget line for nutrition, enabling transparency and accountability for spending.
  • South Africa has devised a National Nutrition Policy/Strategy.
  • The Government has fully enshrined the International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes into domestic law.
  • The Government of South Africa promotes complementary feeding practices.
  • 95.1% of the population of South Africa in 2012 has access to an improved drinking water source.
  • In South Africa 97.1% of women aged 15-49 were visited at least once during pregnancy by skilled health personnel in 2008.
  • In South Africa, constitutional protection of the right to food and the right to social security is strong.

Areas for improvement

  • Spending on agriculture (1.61% of public spending in 2013), does not meet government commitments set out in the African Union’s Maputo Declaration (10% of public spending).
  • South Africa’s spending in its health sector (12.9% of public spending in 2012) is close to, yet not fully meeting government commitments set out in the African Union's Abuja Declaration (15% of public spending).
  • In South Africa, the law gives women and men equal economic rights and equal legal access to agricultural land. However, these laws are not effectively enforced and discriminatory practices against women continue, increasing their vulnerability to hunger and undernutrition.
  • Relative to other HANCI countries, South Africa's medium/long term national development policy (National Dev Plan: Vision for 2030) places weak importance to nutrition.
  • Even though South Africa has developed a National Nutrition Policy/Strategy and clear time-bound nutrition targets, a multisectoral and multistakeholder policy coordination mechanism is still lacking.
  • Policymakers in South Africa do not benefit from regular nutrition surveys that are statistically representative at national level. The last survey was published in 2003.
  • The Government of South Africa has only achieved two high doses of vitamin A supplementation for 42% of children in 2013.

Hunger Reduction Commitment Index (HRCI)

Public Spending Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Public spending on agriculture as share of total public spending
?
1.61%201340th
Public spending on health as share of total public spending
?
12.9%201210th
Policies Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Access to land (security of tenure)
?
Strong201310th
Access to agricultural research and extension services
?
Moderate201335th
Civil registration system — coverage of live births
?
85.0%20127th
Functioning of social protection systems
?
Moderate20142nd
Laws Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Level of constitutional protection of the right to food
?
Strong20111st
Equality of women’s access to agricultural land
?
In Law, not in Practice20144th
Equality of women’s economic rights
?
Not Enforced20115th
Constitutional right to social security
?
Yes20061st

Nutrition Commitment Index (NCI)

Public Spending Score Year NCI rank of 45
Separate budget for nutrition
?
Yes20141st
Policies Score Year NCI rank of 45
Vitamin A supplementation coverage for children
?
42.0%201339th
Government promotes complementary feeding
?
Yes20101st
Population with access to an improved water source
?
95.1%20122nd
Population with access to improved sanitation
?
74.4%20125th
Health care visits for pregnant women
?
97.1%20085th
Nutrition features in national development policy
?
Weak201342nd
National Nutrition Policy/Strategy
?
Yes20141st
Multisector and multistakeholder policy coordination
?
No201439th
Time bound nutrition targets
?
Yes20141st
National nutrition survey in last 3 years
?
No201434th
Laws Score Year NCI rank of 45
Enshrine ICBMS in domestic law
?
Fully enshrined20141st