Key data for Senegal

NCI8th HRCI20th HANCI12th
HANCI compares 45 developing countries for their performance on 22 indicators of political commitment to reduce hunger and undernutrition. All the countries compared in the index have high rates of hunger and undernutrition. The comparative approach of the index means that country scores are calculated in relation to the political commitment of the other countries in the index.
Existing rates of: Stunting: 19.20% Wasting: 8.9% Proportion of population underweight: 16.80% Source: Gov. of Senegal (DHS, 2013)

Strong Performance

  • The Government encourages varied agricultural research and extension services, and local farmer organisations are involved in setting policy priorities. The extension system is effective and properly reaches out to poor farmers. Government policies, strategies and mechanisms seek to ensure gender equity in access to extension services.
  • Relative to other HANCI countries, Senegal's medium/long term national development policy (Stratégie National de Développement Economique et Social) assigns strong importance to nutrition.
  • Senegal instituted a separate budget line for nutrition, enabling transparency and accountability for spending.
  • The National Nutrition Policy/Strategy identifies time bound nutrition targets and a multisectoral and multistakeholder policy coordination mechanism has been set up.
  • Policymakers in Senegal benefit from regular nutrition surveys that are statistically representative at national level. The last survey was published in 2014.
  • The Government has enshrined aspects of the International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes into domestic law.
  • The Government of Senegal promotes complementary feeding practices and has achieved two high doses of vitamin A supplementation for 99% of children in 2013.
  • In Senegal 94.5% of women aged 15-49 were visited at least once during pregnancy by skilled health personnel in 2013.

Areas for improvement

  • Spending on agriculture (9.2% of public spending in 2013) is close to, yet not fully meeting government commitments set out in the African Union’s Maputo Declaration (10% of public spending).
  • Senegal’s spending in its health sector (9.6% of public spending in 2012) does not fully meet (15%) commitments set out in the Abuja Declaration.
  • In Senegal, the law does not give women economic rights equal to men. Men and women have equal legal access to agricultural land, but this is not effectively enforced and discriminatory practices against women continue, increasing their vulnerability to hunger and undernutrition.
  • Weak access to improved sanitation facilities (51.9% in 2012) obstructs better hunger and nutrition outcomes.
  • In Senegal, constitutional protection of the right to food and the right to social security is weak.

Hunger Reduction Commitment Index (HRCI)

Public Spending Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Public spending on agriculture as share of total public spending
?
9.20%20134th
Public spending on health as share of total public spending
?
9.6%201228th
Policies Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Access to land (security of tenure)
?
Moderate201322nd
Access to agricultural research and extension services
?
Strong201311th
Civil registration system — coverage of live births
?
73.0%2012-201316th
Functioning of social protection systems
?
Weak201412th
Laws Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Level of constitutional protection of the right to food
?
Weak201120th
Equality of women’s access to agricultural land
?
In Law, not in Practice20144th
Equality of women’s economic rights
?
No201130th
Constitutional right to social security
?
No200631st

Nutrition Commitment Index (NCI)

Public Spending Score Year NCI rank of 45
Separate budget for nutrition
?
Yes20141st
Policies Score Year NCI rank of 45
Vitamin A supplementation coverage for children
?
99.0%20131st
Government promotes complementary feeding
?
Yes20141st
Population with access to an improved water source
?
74.1%201224th
Population with access to improved sanitation
?
51.9%201216th
Health care visits for pregnant women
?
94.5%201312th
Nutrition features in national development policy
?
Strong20147th
National Nutrition Policy/Strategy
?
Yes20141st
Multisector and multistakeholder policy coordination
?
Yes20141st
Time bound nutrition targets
?
Yes20141st
National nutrition survey in last 3 years
?
Yes20141st
Laws Score Year NCI rank of 45
Enshrine ICBMS in domestic law
?
Aspects Enshrined201421st