Key data for Rwanda

NCI28th HRCI5th HANCI10th
HANCI compares 45 developing countries for their performance on 22 indicators of political commitment to reduce hunger and undernutrition. All the countries compared in the index have high rates of hunger and undernutrition. The comparative approach of the index means that country scores are calculated in relation to the political commitment of the other countries in the index.
Existing rates of: Stunting: 37.90% Wasting: 2.2% Proportion of population underweight: 9.30% Source: Gov. of Rwanda (DHS, 2015)

Strong Performance

  • Government of Rwanda has ensured tenure security for rural populations. Land titling is common and land markets function well. Policy promotes equitable access to common property resources.
  • The Government encourages varied agricultural research and extension services, and local farmer organisations are involved in setting policy priorities. The extension system is effective and properly reaches out to poor farmers. Government policies, strategies and mechanisms seek to ensure gender equity in access to extension services.
  • Relative to other HANCI countries, Rwanda's medium/long term national development policy (Economic Development and Poverty Reduction Strategy) assigns strong importance to nutrition.
  • Rwanda instituted a separate budget line for nutrition, enabling transparency and accountability for spending.
  • The National Nutrition Policy/Strategy identifies time bound nutrition targets and a multisectoral and multistakeholder policy coordination mechanism has been set up.
  • Policymakers in Rwanda benefit from regular nutrition surveys that are statistically representative at national level. The last survey was published in 2012.
  • The Government of Rwanda promotes complementary feeding practices.
  • In Rwanda 98% of women aged 15-49 were visited at least once during pregnancy by skilled health personnel in 2010.

Areas for improvement

  • Spending on agriculture (7.99% of public spending in 2013) is close to, yet not fully meeting government commitments set out in the African Union’s Maputo Declaration (10% of public spending).
  • In Rwanda, the law gives women and men equal economic rights and equal legal access to agricultural land. However, these laws are not effectively enforced and discriminatory practices against women continue, increasing their vulnerability to hunger and undernutrition.
  • The Government of Rwanda has not enshrined the International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes into domestic law.
  • The Government of Rwanda has only achieved two high doses of vitamin A supplementation for 3% of children in 2012.
  • Weak access to improved sanitation facilities (63.8% in 2012) obstructs better hunger and nutrition outcomes.
  • In Rwanda, constitutional protection of the right to food and the right to social security is weak.
  • Civil registration rates are weak (63.2% in 2010) and potentially hold back children’s access to critical public services such as health and education.

Hunger Reduction Commitment Index (HRCI)

Public Spending Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Public spending on agriculture as share of total public spending
?
7.99%201310th
Public spending on health as share of total public spending
?
22.1%20121st
Policies Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Access to land (security of tenure)
?
Strong20132nd
Access to agricultural research and extension services
?
Strong20134th
Civil registration system — coverage of live births
?
63.2%201022nd
Functioning of social protection systems
?
Moderate20142nd
Laws Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Level of constitutional protection of the right to food
?
Weak201120th
Equality of women’s access to agricultural land
?
In Law, not in Practice20144th
Equality of women’s economic rights
?
Partially Enforced20111st
Constitutional right to social security
?
No200631st

Nutrition Commitment Index (NCI)

Public Spending Score Year NCI rank of 45
Separate budget for nutrition
?
Yes20141st
Policies Score Year NCI rank of 45
Vitamin A supplementation coverage for children
?
3.0%201245th
Government promotes complementary feeding
?
Yes20101st
Population with access to an improved water source
?
70.7%201228th
Population with access to improved sanitation
?
63.8%20129th
Health care visits for pregnant women
?
98.0%20104th
Nutrition features in national development policy
?
Moderate201413th
National Nutrition Policy/Strategy
?
Yes20141st
Multisector and multistakeholder policy coordination
?
Yes20141st
Time bound nutrition targets
?
Yes20141st
National nutrition survey in last 3 years
?
Yes20141st
Laws Score Year NCI rank of 45
Enshrine ICBMS in domestic law
?
Not Enshrined in Law201438th