Key data for Peru

NCI2nd HRCI6th HANCI1st
HANCI compares 45 developing countries for their performance on 22 indicators of political commitment to reduce hunger and undernutrition. All the countries compared in the index have high rates of hunger and undernutrition. The comparative approach of the index means that country scores are calculated in relation to the political commitment of the other countries in the index.
Existing rates of: Stunting: 18.40% Wasting: 0.6% Proportion of population underweight: 3.50% Source: Gov. of Peru (Continuous DHS, 2012)

Strong Performance

  • Government investment in the health sector is comparatively high at 18.3% of total public spending in 2012.
  • Government of Peru has ensured tenure security for rural populations. Land titling is common and land markets function well. Policy promotes equitable access to common property resources.
  • Peru instituted a separate budget line for nutrition, enabling transparency and accountability for spending.
  • The National Nutrition Policy/Strategy identifies time bound nutrition targets and a multisectoral and multistakeholder policy coordination mechanism has been set up.
  • Policymakers in Peru benefit from regular nutrition surveys that are statistically representative at national level. The last survey was published in 2013.
  • The Government has fully enshrined the International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes into domestic law.
  • The Government of Peru promotes complementary feeding practices.
  • In Peru 96% of women aged 15-49 were visited at least once during pregnancy by skilled health personnel in 2012.
  • In Peru, constitutional protection of the right to social security is strong.

Areas for improvement

  • In Peru, the law gives women and men equal economic rights and equal legal access to agricultural land. However, these laws are not effectively enforced and discriminatory practices against women continue, increasing their vulnerability to hunger and undernutrition.
  • The Government of Peru has only achieved two high doses of vitamin A supplementation for 3.1% of children in 2012.

Hunger Reduction Commitment Index (HRCI)

Public Spending Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Public spending on agriculture as share of total public spending
?
1.2%201141st
Public spending on health as share of total public spending
?
18.3%20124th
Policies Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Access to land (security of tenure)
?
Strong20135th
Access to agricultural research and extension services
?
Moderate201324th
Civil registration system — coverage of live births
?
95.6%20122nd
Functioning of social protection systems
?
Moderate20146th
Laws Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Level of constitutional protection of the right to food
?
Moderate20118th
Equality of women’s access to agricultural land
?
In Law, not in Practice20144th
Equality of women’s economic rights
?
Not Enforced20115th
Constitutional right to social security
?
Yes20061st

Nutrition Commitment Index (NCI)

Public Spending Score Year NCI rank of 45
Separate budget for nutrition
?
Yes20141st
Policies Score Year NCI rank of 45
Vitamin A supplementation coverage for children
?
3.1%201244th
Government promotes complementary feeding
?
Yes20121st
Population with access to an improved water source
?
86.8%201212th
Population with access to improved sanitation
?
73.1%20127th
Health care visits for pregnant women
?
96.0%20128th
Nutrition features in national development policy
?
Moderate201323rd
National Nutrition Policy/Strategy
?
Yes20141st
Multisector and multistakeholder policy coordination
?
Yes20141st
Time bound nutrition targets
?
Yes20141st
National nutrition survey in last 3 years
?
Yes20141st
Laws Score Year NCI rank of 45
Enshrine ICBMS in domestic law
?
Fully enshrined20141st