Key data for Nigeria

NCI34th HRCI42nd HANCI40th
HANCI compares 45 developing countries for their performance on 22 indicators of political commitment to reduce hunger and undernutrition. All the countries compared in the index have high rates of hunger and undernutrition. The comparative approach of the index means that country scores are calculated in relation to the political commitment of the other countries in the index.
Existing rates of: Stunting: 36.40% Wasting: 18.1% Proportion of population underweight: 31.00% Source: Gov. of Nigeria (DHS, 2013)

Strong Performance

  • The National Nutrition Policy/Strategy identifies time bound nutrition targets and a multisectoral and multistakeholder policy coordination mechanism has been set up.
  • Policymakers in Nigeria benefit from regular nutrition surveys that are statistically representative at national level. The last survey was published in 2013.
  • The Government has enshrined aspects of the International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes into domestic law.
  • The Government of Nigeria promotes complementary feeding practices.
  • In Nigeria, constitutional protection of the right to social security is strong.

Areas for improvement

  • Spending on agriculture (2% of public spending in 2013), does not meet government commitments set out in the African Union’s Maputo Declaration (10% of public spending).
  • Nigeria’s spending in its health sector (6.7% of public spending in 2012) does not fully meet (15%) commitments set out in the Abuja Declaration.
  • In Nigeria, the law does not give women economic rights equal to men. Men and women have equal legal access to agricultural land, but this is not effectively enforced and discriminatory practices against women continue, increasing their vulnerability to hunger and undernutrition.
  • Relative to other HANCI countries, Nigeria's medium/long term national development policy (Nigeria Vision 20: 2020) places weak importance to nutrition.
  • Nigeria does not have a separate budget line for nutrition; this prevents transparency and accountability for spending.
  • The Government of Nigeria has only achieved two high doses of vitamin A supplementation for 70% of children in 2013.
  • Weak access to an improved source of drinking water (64% in 2012) and an improved sanitation facility (27.8% in 2012) prevents positive outcomes for hunger and nutrition in Nigeria.
  • In Nigeria only 60.6% of women aged 15-49 were visited at least once during pregnancy by skilled health personnel in 2013.
  • In Nigeria, constitutional protection of the right to food is weak.

Hunger Reduction Commitment Index (HRCI)

Public Spending Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Public spending on agriculture as share of total public spending
?
2.00%201338th
Public spending on health as share of total public spending
?
6.7%201239th
Policies Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Access to land (security of tenure)
?
Moderate201325th
Access to agricultural research and extension services
?
Moderate201335th
Civil registration system — coverage of live births
?
29.8%201338th
Functioning of social protection systems
?
Weak201412th
Laws Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Level of constitutional protection of the right to food
?
Weak201120th
Equality of women’s access to agricultural land
?
In Law, not in Practice20144th
Equality of women’s economic rights
?
No201130th
Constitutional right to social security
?
Yes20061st

Nutrition Commitment Index (NCI)

Public Spending Score Year NCI rank of 45
Separate budget for nutrition
?
Sectoral only201228th
Policies Score Year NCI rank of 45
Vitamin A supplementation coverage for children
?
70.0%201332nd
Government promotes complementary feeding
?
Yes20101st
Population with access to an improved water source
?
64.0%201231st
Population with access to improved sanitation
?
27.8%201229th
Health care visits for pregnant women
?
60.6%201341st
Nutrition features in national development policy
?
Weak201440th
National Nutrition Policy/Strategy
?
Yes20141st
Multisector and multistakeholder policy coordination
?
Yes20141st
Time bound nutrition targets
?
Yes20141st
National nutrition survey in last 3 years
?
Yes20141st
Laws Score Year NCI rank of 45
Enshrine ICBMS in domestic law
?
Aspects Enshrined201421st