Key data for Nepal

NCI3rd HRCI15th HANCI8th
HANCI compares 45 developing countries for their performance on 22 indicators of political commitment to reduce hunger and undernutrition. All the countries compared in the index have high rates of hunger and undernutrition. The comparative approach of the index means that country scores are calculated in relation to the political commitment of the other countries in the index.
Existing rates of: Stunting: 40.50% Wasting: 11.2% Proportion of population underweight: 29.10% Source: Gov. of Nepal (DHS, 2011)

Strong Performance

  • Government investment in the health sector is comparatively high at 10.4% of total public spending in 2012.
  • Nepal instituted a separate budget line for nutrition, enabling transparency and accountability for spending.
  • The National Nutrition Policy/Strategy identifies time bound nutrition targets and a multisectoral and multistakeholder policy coordination mechanism has been set up.
  • Policymakers in Nepal benefit from regular nutrition surveys that are statistically representative at national level. The last survey was published in 2014.
  • The Government has fully enshrined the International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes into domestic law.
  • The Government of Nepal promotes complementary feeding practices and has achieved two high doses of vitamin A supplementation for 99% of children in 2013.
  • In Nepal, constitutional protection of the right to food and the right to social security is strong.

Areas for improvement

  • In Nepal, the law gives women and men equal economic rights and equal legal access to agricultural land. However, these laws are not effectively enforced and discriminatory practices against women continue, increasing their vulnerability to hunger and undernutrition.
  • Weak access to improved sanitation facilities (36.7% in 2012) obstructs better hunger and nutrition outcomes.
  • In Nepal only 58.3% of women aged 15-49 were visited at least once during pregnancy by skilled health personnel in 2011.
  • Social safety nets in Nepal are basic and only cover few risks for a limited number of beneficiaries.
  • Civil registration rates are weak (42.3% in 2011) and potentially hold back children’s access to critical public services such as health and education.

Hunger Reduction Commitment Index (HRCI)

Public Spending Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Public spending on agriculture as share of total public spending
?
6.9%201313th
Public spending on health as share of total public spending
?
10.4%201220th
Policies Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Access to land (security of tenure)
?
Moderate201325th
Access to agricultural research and extension services
?
Moderate201335th
Civil registration system — coverage of live births
?
42.3%201132nd
Functioning of social protection systems
?
Weak201436th
Laws Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Level of constitutional protection of the right to food
?
Strong20111st
Equality of women’s access to agricultural land
?
In Law, not in Practice20144th
Equality of women’s economic rights
?
Not Enforced20115th
Constitutional right to social security
?
Yes20061st

Nutrition Commitment Index (NCI)

Public Spending Score Year NCI rank of 45
Separate budget for nutrition
?
Yes20141st
Policies Score Year NCI rank of 45
Vitamin A supplementation coverage for children
?
99.0%20131st
Government promotes complementary feeding
?
Yes20141st
Population with access to an improved water source
?
88.1%201210th
Population with access to improved sanitation
?
36.7%201222nd
Health care visits for pregnant women
?
58.3%201142nd
Nutrition features in national development policy
?
Moderate201419th
National Nutrition Policy/Strategy
?
Yes20141st
Multisector and multistakeholder policy coordination
?
Yes20141st
Time bound nutrition targets
?
Yes20121st
National nutrition survey in last 3 years
?
Yes20141st
Laws Score Year NCI rank of 45
Enshrine ICBMS in domestic law
?
Fully enshrined20141st