Key data for Nepal

NCI4th HRCI14th HANCI6th
HANCI compares 45 countries for their performance on 22 indicators of political commitment to reduce hunger and undernutrition. All the countries compared in the index have high rates of hunger and undernutrition. The comparative approach of the index means that country scores are calculated in relation to the political commitment of the other countries in the index.
Existing rates of: Stunting: 35.8% Wasting: 9.7% Proportion of population underweight: 9.7% Source: Government of Nepal (DHS, 2016)

Strong Performance

  • Nepal instituted a separate budget line for nutrition, enabling transparency and accountability for spending.
  • The National Nutrition Policy/Strategy identifies time bound nutrition targets and a multisectoral and multistakeholder policy coordination mechanism has been set up.
  • Policymakers in Nepal benefit from regular nutrition surveys that are statistically representative at national level. The last survey was published in 2016.
  • The Government has fully enshrined the International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes into domestic law.
  • The Government of Nepal promotes complementary feeding practices.
  • 94.9% of the population of Nepal in 2016 has access to an improved drinking water source.
  • In Nepal, constitutional protection of the right to food and the right to social security is strong.

Areas for improvement

  • In Nepal, the law gives women and men equal economic rights and equal legal access to agricultural land. However, these laws are not effectively enforced and discriminatory practices against women continue, increasing their vulnerability to hunger and undernutrition.
  • Weak access to improved sanitation facilities (64.6% in 2016) obstructs better hunger and nutrition outcomes.
  • In Nepal only 68.3% of women aged 15-49 were visited at least once during pregnancy by skilled health personnel in 2014.
  • Social safety nets in Nepal are basic and only cover few risks for a limited number of beneficiaries.
  • Civil registration rates are weak (56.2% in 2016) and potentially hold back children’s access to critical public services such as health and education.

Hunger Reduction Commitment Index (HRCI)

Public Spending Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Public spending on agriculture as share of total public spending
?
11%20148th
Public spending on health as share of total public spending
?
5.5%2015Joint 27th
Policies Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Access to land (security of tenure)
?
Moderate2016Joint 20th
Access to agricultural research and extension services
?
Moderate2013Joint 35th
Civil registration system — coverage of live births
?
56.2%201630th
Functioning of social protection systems
?
Weak2016Joint 41st
Laws Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Level of constitutional protection of the right to food
?
Strong2017Joint 1st
Equality of women’s access to agricultural land
?
In Law, not in Practice2014Joint 4th
Equality of women’s economic rights
?
In Law, not in Practice2014Joint 1st
Constitutional right to social security
?
Yes2017Joint 1st

Nutrition Commitment Index (NCI)

Public Spending Score Year NCI rank of 45
Separate budget for nutrition
?
Yes2017Joint 1st
Policies Score Year NCI rank of 45
Vitamin A supplementation coverage for children
?
79%201521st
Government promotes complementary feeding
?
Yes2014Joint 1st
Population with access to an improved water source
?
94.9%20165th
Population with access to improved sanitation
?
64.6%20169th
Health care visits for pregnant women
?
68.3%201439th
Nutrition features in national development policy
?
Moderate2013-201623rd
National Nutrition Policy/Strategy
?
Yes2017Joint 1st
Multisector and multistakeholder policy coordination
?
Yes2017Joint 1st
Time bound nutrition targets
?
Yes2017Joint 1st
National nutrition survey in last 3 years
?
Yes2016Joint 1st
Laws Score Year NCI rank of 45
Enshrine ICBMS in domestic law
?
Fully Enshrined2016Joint 1st