Key data for Myanmar

NCI35th HRCI34th HANCI37th
HANCI compares 45 countries for their performance on 22 indicators of political commitment to reduce hunger and undernutrition. All the countries compared in the index have high rates of hunger and undernutrition. The comparative approach of the index means that country scores are calculated in relation to the political commitment of the other countries in the index.
Existing rates of: Stunting: 29.2% Wasting: 7% Proportion of population underweight: 7% Source: Government of Myanmar (DHS, 2015-16)

Strong Performance

  • Myanmar has devised a National Nutrition Policy/Strategy.
  • Myanmar has introduced a multisectoral and multistakeholder policy coordination mechanism to support delivery of the National Nutrition Policy/Strategy.
  • Policymakers in Myanmar benefit from regular nutrition surveys that are statistically representative at national level. The last survey was published in 2015-2016.
  • The Government of Myanmar promotes complementary feeding practices.
  • In Myanmar, constitutional protection of the right to social security is strong.

Areas for improvement

  • Extension services are the preserve of government and poor farmers have no say in setting policy priorities. The agricultural research and extension system is not properly reaching out to poor farmers. There is no policy promoting gender equity in access to extension services.
  • In Myanmar, the law gives women and men equal economic rights and equal legal access to agricultural land. However, these laws are not effectively enforced and discriminatory practices against women continue, increasing their vulnerability to hunger and undernutrition.
  • Even though Myanmar has developed a National Nutrition Policy/Strategy and a multisectoral and multistakeholder policy coordination mechanism, clear time-bound nutrition targets are still lacking.
  • Weak access to improved sanitation facilities (49.1% in 2016) obstructs better hunger and nutrition outcomes.
  • In Myanmar, constitutional protection of the right to food is weak.
  • Social safety nets in Myanmar are basic and only cover few risks for a limited number of beneficiaries.

Hunger Reduction Commitment Index (HRCI)

Public Spending Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Public spending on agriculture as share of total public spending
?
5.3%201623rd
Public spending on health as share of total public spending
?
4.9%201532nd
Policies Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Access to land (security of tenure)
?
Moderate2016Joint 28th
Access to agricultural research and extension services
?
Weak201345th
Civil registration system — coverage of live births
?
81.3%2015-201610th
Functioning of social protection systems
?
Weak2016Joint 22nd
Laws Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Level of constitutional protection of the right to food
?
Weak2017Joint 30th
Equality of women’s access to agricultural land
?
In Law, not in Practice2014Joint 4th
Equality of women’s economic rights
?
In Law, not in Practice2011Joint 1st
Constitutional right to social security
?
Yes2017Joint 1st

Nutrition Commitment Index (NCI)

Public Spending Score Year NCI rank of 45
Separate budget for nutrition
?
Sectoral only2017Joint 22nd
Policies Score Year NCI rank of 45
Vitamin A supplementation coverage for children
?
88%2015Joint 15th
Government promotes complementary feeding
?
Yes2014Joint 1st
Population with access to an improved water source
?
80.6%201520th
Population with access to improved sanitation
?
49.1%201615th
Health care visits for pregnant women
?
80.7%2015-201635th
Nutrition features in national development policy
?
Moderate2012-201529th
National Nutrition Policy/Strategy
?
Yes2017Joint 1st
Multisector and multistakeholder policy coordination
?
Yes2017Joint 1st
Time bound nutrition targets
?
No2017Joint 43rd
National nutrition survey in last 3 years
?
Yes2015-2016Joint 1st
Laws Score Year NCI rank of 45
Enshrine ICBMS in domestic law
?
Many Aspects Enshrined2016Joint 20th