Key data for Myanmar

NCI37th HRCI41st HANCI41st
HANCI compares 45 developing countries for their performance on 22 indicators of political commitment to reduce hunger and undernutrition. All the countries compared in the index have high rates of hunger and undernutrition. The comparative approach of the index means that country scores are calculated in relation to the political commitment of the other countries in the index.
Existing rates of: Stunting: 35.10% Wasting: 7.9% Proportion of population underweight: 22.60% Source: Gov. of Myanmar (MICS3, 2009)

Strong Performance

  • The National Nutrition Policy/Strategy identifies time bound nutrition targets and a multisectoral and multistakeholder policy coordination mechanism has been set up.
  • The Government of Myanmar promotes complementary feeding practices.

Areas for improvement

  • Extension services are the preserve of government and poor farmers have no say in setting policy priorities. The agricultural research and extension system is not properly reaching out to poor farmers. There is no policy promoting gender equity in access to extension services.
  • In Myanmar, the law gives women and men equal economic rights and equal legal access to agricultural land. However, these laws are not effectively enforced and discriminatory practices against women continue, increasing their vulnerability to hunger and undernutrition.
  • Myanmar does not have a separate budget line for nutrition; this prevents transparency and accountability for spending.
  • Policymakers in Myanmar do not benefit from regular nutrition surveys that are statistically representative at national level. The last survey was published in 2009-2010.
  • The Government of Myanmar has not enshrined the International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes into domestic law.
  • In Myanmar, constitutional protection of the right to food and the right to social security is weak.
  • The Government of Myanmar does not provide social safety nets.

Hunger Reduction Commitment Index (HRCI)

Public Spending Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Public spending on agriculture as share of total public spending
?
8.0%20109th
Public spending on health as share of total public spending
?
1.5%201245th
Policies Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Access to land (security of tenure)
?
Moderate201332nd
Access to agricultural research and extension services
?
Weak201345th
Civil registration system — coverage of live births
?
72.4%2009-201017th
Functioning of social protection systems
?
Weak201441st
Laws Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Level of constitutional protection of the right to food
?
Weak200620th
Equality of women’s access to agricultural land
?
In Law, not in Practice20144th
Equality of women’s economic rights
?
Not Enforced20115th
Constitutional right to social security
?
No200631st

Nutrition Commitment Index (NCI)

Public Spending Score Year NCI rank of 45
Separate budget for nutrition
?
Sectoral only201428th
Policies Score Year NCI rank of 45
Vitamin A supplementation coverage for children
?
86.0%201227th
Government promotes complementary feeding
?
Yes20141st
Population with access to an improved water source
?
85.7%201213th
Population with access to improved sanitation
?
77.4%20123rd
Health care visits for pregnant women
?
83.1%201030th
Nutrition features in national development policy
?
Weak201328th
National Nutrition Policy/Strategy
?
Yes20141st
Multisector and multistakeholder policy coordination
?
Yes20141st
Time bound nutrition targets
?
Yes20141st
National nutrition survey in last 3 years
?
No201434th
Laws Score Year NCI rank of 45
Enshrine ICBMS in domestic law
?
Not Enshrined in Law201438th