Key data for Mozambique

NCI23rd HRCI33rd HANCI28th
HANCI compares 45 developing countries for their performance on 22 indicators of political commitment to reduce hunger and undernutrition. All the countries compared in the index have high rates of hunger and undernutrition. The comparative approach of the index means that country scores are calculated in relation to the political commitment of the other countries in the index.
Existing rates of: Stunting: 43.10% Wasting: 6.1% Proportion of population underweight: 15.60% Source: Gov. of Mozambique (DHS, 2011)

Strong Performance

  • Government of Mozambique has ensured tenure security for rural populations. Land titling is common and land markets function well. Policy promotes equitable access to common property resources.
  • The Government encourages varied agricultural research and extension services, and local farmer organisations are involved in setting policy priorities. The extension system is effective and properly reaches out to poor farmers. Government policies, strategies and mechanisms seek to ensure gender equity in access to extension services.
  • Relative to other HANCI countries, Mozambique's medium/long term national development policy (Proposta do Programa Quinquenal do Governo) assigns strong importance to nutrition.
  • The National Nutrition Policy/Strategy identifies time bound nutrition targets and a multisectoral and multistakeholder policy coordination mechanism has been set up.
  • Policymakers in Mozambique benefit from regular nutrition surveys that are statistically representative at national level. The last survey was published in 2011.
  • The Government has fully enshrined the International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes into domestic law.
  • The Government of Mozambique promotes complementary feeding practices and has achieved two high doses of vitamin A supplementation for 99% of children in 2013.
  • In Mozambique 90.6% of women aged 15-49 were visited at least once during pregnancy by skilled health personnel in 2011.

Areas for improvement

  • Spending on agriculture (2.56% of public spending in 2013), does not meet government commitments set out in the African Union’s Maputo Declaration (10% of public spending).
  • Mozambique’s spending in its health sector (8.8% of public spending in 2012) does not fully meet (15%) commitments set out in the Abuja Declaration.
  • In Mozambique, the law gives women and men equal economic rights and equal legal access to agricultural land. However, these laws are not effectively enforced and discriminatory practices against women continue, increasing their vulnerability to hunger and undernutrition.
  • Mozambique does not have a separate budget line for nutrition; this prevents transparency and accountability for spending.
  • Weak access to an improved source of drinking water (49.2% in 2012) and an improved sanitation facility (21% in 2012) prevents positive outcomes for hunger and nutrition in Mozambique.
  • In Mozambique, constitutional protection of the right to social security is weak.
  • Civil registration rates are weak (47.9% in 2011) and potentially hold back children’s access to critical public services such as health and education.

Hunger Reduction Commitment Index (HRCI)

Public Spending Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Public spending on agriculture as share of total public spending
?
2.56%201334th
Public spending on health as share of total public spending
?
8.8%201231st
Policies Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Access to land (security of tenure)
?
Strong201310th
Access to agricultural research and extension services
?
Strong20134th
Civil registration system — coverage of live births
?
47.9%201130th
Functioning of social protection systems
?
Weak201422nd
Laws Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Level of constitutional protection of the right to food
?
Moderate20138th
Equality of women’s access to agricultural land
?
In Law, not in Practice20144th
Equality of women’s economic rights
?
Not Enforced20115th
Constitutional right to social security
?
No200631st

Nutrition Commitment Index (NCI)

Public Spending Score Year NCI rank of 45
Separate budget for nutrition
?
Sectoral only201428th
Policies Score Year NCI rank of 45
Vitamin A supplementation coverage for children
?
99.0%20131st
Government promotes complementary feeding
?
Yes20141st
Population with access to an improved water source
?
49.2%201244th
Population with access to improved sanitation
?
21.0%201235th
Health care visits for pregnant women
?
90.6%201122nd
Nutrition features in national development policy
?
Moderate201414th
National Nutrition Policy/Strategy
?
Yes20141st
Multisector and multistakeholder policy coordination
?
Yes20141st
Time bound nutrition targets
?
Yes20141st
National nutrition survey in last 3 years
?
Yes20141st
Laws Score Year NCI rank of 45
Enshrine ICBMS in domestic law
?
Fully enshrined20141st