Key data for Mali

NCI11th HRCI23rd HANCI16th
HANCI compares 45 developing countries for their performance on 22 indicators of political commitment to reduce hunger and undernutrition. All the countries compared in the index have high rates of hunger and undernutrition. The comparative approach of the index means that country scores are calculated in relation to the political commitment of the other countries in the index.
Existing rates of: Stunting: 38.50% Wasting: 15.3% Proportion of population underweight: 27.90% Source: Gov. of Mali (DHS, 2006)

Strong Performance

  • Relative to other HANCI countries, Mali's medium/long term national development policy (CSCRP) assigns strong importance to nutrition.
  • Mali instituted a separate budget line for nutrition, enabling transparency and accountability for spending.
  • The National Nutrition Policy/Strategy identifies time bound nutrition targets and a multisectoral and multistakeholder policy coordination mechanism has been set up.
  • Policymakers in Mali benefit from regular nutrition surveys that are statistically representative at national level. The last survey was published in 2012-2013.
  • The Government has enshrined aspects of the International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes into domestic law.
  • The Government of Mali promotes complementary feeding practices and has achieved two high doses of vitamin A supplementation for 98% of children in 2013.
  • In Mali, constitutional protection of the right to social security is strong.

Areas for improvement

  • Spending on agriculture (5.73% of public spending in 2013), does not meet government commitments set out in the African Union’s Maputo Declaration (10% of public spending).
  • Mali’s spending in its health sector (12.5% of public spending in 2012) is close to, yet not fully meeting government commitments set out in the African Union's Abuja Declaration (15% of public spending).
  • In Mali, the law does not give women economic rights equal to men. Men and women have equal legal access to agricultural land, but this is not effectively enforced and discriminatory practices against women continue, increasing their vulnerability to hunger and undernutrition.
  • Weak access to an improved source of drinking water (67.2% in 2012) and an improved sanitation facility (21.9% in 2012) prevents positive outcomes for hunger and nutrition in Mali.
  • In Mali, constitutional protection of the right to food is weak.

Hunger Reduction Commitment Index (HRCI)

Public Spending Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Public spending on agriculture as share of total public spending
?
5.73%201318th
Public spending on health as share of total public spending
?
12.5%201213th
Policies Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Access to land (security of tenure)
?
Moderate201332nd
Access to agricultural research and extension services
?
Moderate201327th
Civil registration system — coverage of live births
?
80.8%201010th
Functioning of social protection systems
?
Weak201422nd
Laws Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Level of constitutional protection of the right to food
?
Weak201120th
Equality of women’s access to agricultural land
?
In Law, not in Practice20144th
Equality of women’s economic rights
?
No201130th
Constitutional right to social security
?
Yes20061st

Nutrition Commitment Index (NCI)

Public Spending Score Year NCI rank of 45
Separate budget for nutrition
?
Yes20141st
Policies Score Year NCI rank of 45
Vitamin A supplementation coverage for children
?
98.0%201311th
Government promotes complementary feeding
?
Yes20141st
Population with access to an improved water source
?
67.2%201229th
Population with access to improved sanitation
?
21.9%201233rd
Health care visits for pregnant women
?
74.6%201035th
Nutrition features in national development policy
?
Strong20142nd
National Nutrition Policy/Strategy
?
Yes20141st
Multisector and multistakeholder policy coordination
?
Yes20141st
Time bound nutrition targets
?
Yes20141st
National nutrition survey in last 3 years
?
Yes20141st
Laws Score Year NCI rank of 45
Enshrine ICBMS in domestic law
?
Aspects Enshrined201421st