Key data for Liberia

NCI44th HRCI31st HANCI45th
HANCI compares 45 countries for their performance on 22 indicators of political commitment to reduce hunger and undernutrition. All the countries compared in the index have high rates of hunger and undernutrition. The comparative approach of the index means that country scores are calculated in relation to the political commitment of the other countries in the index.
Existing rates of: Stunting: 32.1% Wasting: 5.6% Proportion of population underweight: 5.6% Source: Government of Liberia (DHS, 2013)

Strong Performance

  • Spending on agriculture (10.5% of public spending in 2014) meets government commitments set out in the African Union’s Maputo Declaration (10% of public spending).
  • Liberia has devised a National Nutrition Policy/Strategy.
  • The Government of Liberia promotes complementary feeding practices.
  • In Liberia 95.9% of women aged 15-49 were visited at least once during pregnancy by skilled health personnel in 2013.
  • In Liberia, constitutional protection of the right to social security is strong.

Areas for improvement

  • Liberia’s spending in its health sector (2.7% of public spending in 2015) does not fully meet (15%) commitments set out in the Abuja Declaration.
  • The Government of Liberia has not ensured tenure security for rural populations. Land titling is weak and land markets do not function well.
  • In Liberia, the law gives women and men equal economic rights and equal legal access to agricultural land. However, these laws are not effectively enforced and discriminatory practices against women continue, increasing their vulnerability to hunger and undernutrition.
  • Relative to other HANCI countries, Liberia’s medium/long term national development policy (Agenda for Transformation-Steps towards Liberia RISING 2030) places weak importance to nutrition.
  • Liberia does not have a separate budget line for nutrition; this prevents transparency and accountability for spending.
  • Even though Liberia has developed a National Nutrition Policy/Strategy and clear time-bound nutrition targets, a multisectoral and multistakeholder policy coordination mechanism is still lacking.
  • Policymakers in Liberia do not benefit from regular nutrition surveys that are statistically representative at national level. The last survey was published in 2013.
  • The Government of Liberia has not enshrined the International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes into domestic law.
  • The Government of Liberia has achieved two high doses of vitamin A supplementation for only 61% of children in 2015.
  • Weak access to improved sanitation facilities (16.9% in 2015) obstructs better hunger and nutrition outcomes.
  • In Liberia, constitutional protection of the right to food is weak.
  • Social safety nets in Liberia are basic and only cover few risks for a limited number of beneficiaries.

Hunger Reduction Commitment Index (HRCI)

Public Spending Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Public spending on agriculture as share of total public spending
?
10.5%201410th
Public spending on health as share of total public spending
?
2.7%201542nd
Policies Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Access to land (security of tenure)
?
Weak201644th
Access to agricultural research and extension services
?
Moderate201340th
Civil registration system — coverage of live births
?
24.6%2013Joint 41st
Functioning of social protection systems
?
Weak2016Joint 22nd
Laws Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Level of constitutional protection of the right to food
?
Weak2016Joint 30th
Equality of women’s access to agricultural land
?
In Law, not in Practice2014Joint 4th
Equality of women’s economic rights
?
In Law, not in Practice2014Joint 1st
Constitutional right to social security
?
Yes2006Joint 1st

Nutrition Commitment Index (NCI)

Public Spending Score Year NCI rank of 45
Separate budget for nutrition
?
No2017Joint 35th
Policies Score Year NCI rank of 45
Vitamin A supplementation coverage for children
?
61%201531st
Government promotes complementary feeding
?
Yes2011Joint 1st
Population with access to an improved water source
?
76.5%201526th
Population with access to improved sanitation
?
16.9%201538th
Health care visits for pregnant women
?
95.9%20139th
Nutrition features in national development policy
?
Weak2012-201731st
National Nutrition Policy/Strategy
?
Yes2017Joint 1st
Multisector and multistakeholder policy coordination
?
No2017Joint 40th
Time bound nutrition targets
?
Yes2016Joint 1st
National nutrition survey in last 3 years
?
No2013Joint 40th
Laws Score Year NCI rank of 45
Enshrine ICBMS in domestic law
?
Not Enshrined in Law2016Joint 38th