Key data for Indonesia

NCI17th HRCI12th HANCI10th
HANCI compares 45 countries for their performance on 22 indicators of political commitment to reduce hunger and undernutrition. All the countries compared in the index have high rates of hunger and undernutrition. The comparative approach of the index means that country scores are calculated in relation to the political commitment of the other countries in the index.
Existing rates of: Stunting: 36.4% Wasting: 13.5% Proportion of population underweight: 13.5% Source: Government of Indonesia (RISKESDAS, 2013)

Strong Performance

  • The Government of Indonesia has ensured tenure security for rural populations. Land titling is common and land markets function well. Policy promotes equitable access to common property resources.
  • In Indonesia, the law gives women equal access to agricultural land as men and these rights are upheld in practice. This reduces women’s vulnerability to hunger and undernutrition.
  • Indonesia instituted a separate budget line for nutrition, enabling transparency and accountability for spending.
  • The National Nutrition Policy/Strategy identifies time bound nutrition targets and a multisectoral and multistakeholder policy coordination mechanism has been set up.
  • The Government of Indonesia promotes complementary feeding practices.
  • 90.3% of the population of Indonesia in 2015 has access to an improved drinking water source.
  • In Indonesia 95.4% of women aged 15-49 were visited at least once during pregnancy by skilled health personnel in 2013.
  • In Indonesia, constitutional protection of the right to social security is strong.

Areas for improvement

  • In Indonesia, the law gives women and men equal economic rights. However, these laws are not effectively enforced and discriminatory practices against women continue, increasing their vulnerability to hunger and undernutrition.
  • Policymakers in Indonesia do not benefit from regular nutrition surveys that are statistically representative at national level. The last survey was published in 2012.
  • Weak access to improved sanitation facilities (67.9% in 2015) obstructs better hunger and nutrition outcomes.
  • Civil registration rates are weak (68.5% in 2013) and potentially hold back children’s access to critical public services such as health and education.

Hunger Reduction Commitment Index (HRCI)

Public Spending Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Public spending on agriculture as share of total public spending
Public spending on health as share of total public spending
7.4%2015Joint 15th
Policies Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Access to land (security of tenure)
Strong2016Joint 10th
Access to agricultural research and extension services
Moderate2013Joint 27th
Civil registration system — coverage of live births
Functioning of social protection systems
Moderate2016Joint 2nd
Laws Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Level of constitutional protection of the right to food
Moderate2017Joint 10th
Equality of women’s access to agricultural land
In Law & Practice2014Joint 1st
Equality of women’s economic rights
In Law, not in Practice2014Joint 1st
Constitutional right to social security
Yes2017Joint 1st

Nutrition Commitment Index (NCI)

Public Spending Score Year NCI rank of 45
Separate budget for nutrition
Yes2017Joint 1st
Policies Score Year NCI rank of 45
Vitamin A supplementation coverage for children
Government promotes complementary feeding
Yes2014Joint 1st
Population with access to an improved water source
Population with access to improved sanitation
Health care visits for pregnant women
95.4%2013Joint 13th
Nutrition features in national development policy
National Nutrition Policy/Strategy
Yes2017Joint 1st
Multisector and multistakeholder policy coordination
Yes2017Joint 1st
Time bound nutrition targets
Yes2017Joint 1st
National nutrition survey in last 3 years
No2012Joint 40th
Laws Score Year NCI rank of 45
Enshrine ICBMS in domestic law
Many Aspects Enshrined2016Joint 20th