Key data for India

NCI30th HRCI7th HANCI17th
HANCI compares 45 developing countries for their performance on 22 indicators of political commitment to reduce hunger and undernutrition. All the countries compared in the index have high rates of hunger and undernutrition. The comparative approach of the index means that country scores are calculated in relation to the political commitment of the other countries in the index.
Existing rates of: Stunting: 47.90% Wasting: 20% Proportion of population underweight: 43.50% Source: Gov. of India (National Family Health Survey, 2006)

Strong Performance

  • The Government encourages varied agricultural research and extension services, and local farmer organisations are involved in setting policy priorities. The extension system is effective and properly reaches out to poor farmers. Government policies, strategies and mechanisms seek to ensure gender equity in access to extension services.
  • India has devised a National Nutrition Policy/Strategy.
  • Policymakers in India benefit from regular nutrition surveys that are statistically representative at national level. The last survey was published in 2013-2014.
  • The Government has fully enshrined the International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes into domestic law.
  • The Government of India promotes complementary feeding practices.
  • 92.6% of the population of India in 2012 has access to an improved drinking water source.
  • In India, constitutional protection of the right to social security is strong.

Areas for improvement

  • In India, the law gives women and men equal economic rights and equal legal access to agricultural land. However, these laws are not effectively enforced and discriminatory practices against women continue, increasing their vulnerability to hunger and undernutrition.
  • Relative to other HANCI countries, India's medium/long term national development policy (12th Five Year Plan) places weak importance to nutrition.
  • Even though India has developed a National Nutrition Policy/Strategy, clear time-bound nutrition targets and a multisectoral and multistakeholder policy coordination mechanism are still lacking.
  • The Government of India has only achieved two high doses of vitamin A supplementation for 53% of children in 2013.
  • Weak access to improved sanitation facilities (36% in 2012) obstructs better hunger and nutrition outcomes.

Hunger Reduction Commitment Index (HRCI)

Public Spending Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Public spending on agriculture as share of total public spending
?
6.3%201215th
Public spending on health as share of total public spending
?
9.4%201230th
Policies Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Access to land (security of tenure)
?
Moderate201317th
Access to agricultural research and extension services
?
Strong201315th
Civil registration system — coverage of live births
?
83.6%20118th
Functioning of social protection systems
?
Moderate20146th
Laws Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Level of constitutional protection of the right to food
?
Moderate20118th
Equality of women’s access to agricultural land
?
In Law, not in Practice20144th
Equality of women’s economic rights
?
Not Enforced20115th
Constitutional right to social security
?
Yes20061st

Nutrition Commitment Index (NCI)

Public Spending Score Year NCI rank of 45
Separate budget for nutrition
?
Sectoral only201220th
Policies Score Year NCI rank of 45
Vitamin A supplementation coverage for children
?
53.0%201336th
Government promotes complementary feeding
?
Yes20141st
Population with access to an improved water source
?
92.6%20125th
Population with access to improved sanitation
?
36.0%201223rd
Health care visits for pregnant women
?
74.2%200637th
Nutrition features in national development policy
?
Weak201435th
National Nutrition Policy/Strategy
?
Yes20141st
Multisector and multistakeholder policy coordination
?
No201239th
Time bound nutrition targets
?
No201437th
National nutrition survey in last 3 years
?
Yes20141st
Laws Score Year NCI rank of 45
Enshrine ICBMS in domestic law
?
Fully enshrined20141st