Key data for India

NCI24th HRCI12th HANCI16th
HANCI compares 45 countries for their performance on 22 indicators of political commitment to reduce hunger and undernutrition. All the countries compared in the index have high rates of hunger and undernutrition. The comparative approach of the index means that country scores are calculated in relation to the political commitment of the other countries in the index.
Existing rates of: Stunting: 38.4% Wasting: 21% Proportion of population underweight: 21% Source: Government of India (NFHS-4, 2015-16)

Strong Performance

  • The Government of India has ensured tenure security for rural populations. Land titling is common and land markets function well. Policy promotes equitable access to common property resources.
  • The Government encourages varied agricultural research and extension services, and local farmer organisations are involved in setting policy priorities. The extension system is effective and properly reaches out to poor farmers. Government policies, strategies and mechanisms seek to ensure gender equity in access to extension services.
  • India has devised a National Nutrition Policy/Strategy.
  • Policymakers in India benefit from regular nutrition surveys that are statistically representative at national level. The last survey was published in 2013-2014.
  • The Government has fully enshrined the International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes into domestic law.
  • The Government of India promotes complementary feeding practices.
  • 91.7% of the population of India in 2015 has access to an improved drinking water source.
  • In India, constitutional protection of the right to social security is strong.

Areas for improvement

  • In India, the law gives women and men equal economic rights and equal legal access to agricultural land. However, these laws are not effectively enforced and discriminatory practices against women continue, increasing their vulnerability to hunger and undernutrition.
  • Relative to other HANCI countries, India’s medium/long term national development policy (12th Five Year Plan) places weak importance to nutrition.
  • Even though India has developed a National Nutrition Policy/Strategy and clear time-bound nutrition targets, a multisectoral and multistakeholder policy coordination mechanism is still lacking.
  • The Government of India has achieved two high doses of vitamin A supplementation for only 53% of children in 2015.
  • Weak access to improved sanitation facilities (44.2% in 2015) obstructs better hunger and nutrition outcomes.

Hunger Reduction Commitment Index (HRCI)

Public Spending Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Public spending on agriculture as share of total public spending
?
6%201320th
Public spending on health as share of total public spending
?
3.4%2015Joint 38th
Policies Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Access to land (security of tenure)
?
Strong2016Joint 10th
Access to agricultural research and extension services
?
Strong2013Joint 15th
Civil registration system — coverage of live births
?
71.9%2013-201419th
Functioning of social protection systems
?
Moderate2016Joint 5th
Laws Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Level of constitutional protection of the right to food
?
Moderate2017Joint 10th
Equality of women’s access to agricultural land
?
In Law, not in Practice2014Joint 4th
Equality of women’s economic rights
?
In Law, not in Practice2014Joint 1st
Constitutional right to social security
?
Yes2017Joint 1st

Nutrition Commitment Index (NCI)

Public Spending Score Year NCI rank of 45
Separate budget for nutrition
?
Sectoral only2017Joint 22nd
Policies Score Year NCI rank of 45
Vitamin A supplementation coverage for children
?
53%201532nd
Government promotes complementary feeding
?
Yes2014Joint 1st
Population with access to an improved water source
?
91.7%20159th
Population with access to improved sanitation
?
44.2%201519th
Health care visits for pregnant women
?
89.7%201426th
Nutrition features in national development policy
?
Weak2012-201735th
National Nutrition Policy/Strategy
?
Yes2017Joint 1st
Multisector and multistakeholder policy coordination
?
No2017Joint 40th
Time bound nutrition targets
?
Yes2017Joint 1st
National nutrition survey in last 3 years
?
Yes2013-2014Joint 1st
Laws Score Year NCI rank of 45
Enshrine ICBMS in domestic law
?
Fully Enshrined2016Joint 1st