Key data for Guinea‑Bissau

NCI38th HRCI44th HANCI45th
HANCI compares 45 developing countries for their performance on 22 indicators of political commitment to reduce hunger and undernutrition. All the countries compared in the index have high rates of hunger and undernutrition. The comparative approach of the index means that country scores are calculated in relation to the political commitment of the other countries in the index.
Existing rates of: Stunting: 27.60% Wasting: 6% Proportion of population underweight: 17.00% Source: Gov. of Guinea-Bissau (MICS, 2014)

Strong Performance

  • Guinea-Bissau has devised a National Nutrition Policy/Strategy.
  • Guinea-Bissau has introduced a multisectoral and multistakeholder policy coordination mechanism to support delivery of the National Nutrition Policy/Strategy.
  • Policymakers in Guinea-Bissau benefit from regular nutrition surveys that are statistically representative at national level. The last survey was published in 2014.
  • The Government has enshrined aspects of the International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes into domestic law.
  • The Government of Guinea-Bissau promotes complementary feeding practices and has achieved two high doses of vitamin A supplementation for 97% of children in 2013.
  • In Guinea-Bissau 92.6% of women aged 15-49 were visited at least once during pregnancy by skilled health personnel in 2010.

Areas for improvement

  • Spending on agriculture (0.76% of public spending in 2013), does not meet government commitments set out in the African Union’s Maputo Declaration (10% of public spending).
  • Guinea-Bissau’s spending in its health sector (7.8% of public spending in 2012) does not fully meet (15%) commitments set out in the Abuja Declaration.
  • Government of Guinea-Bissau has not ensured tenure security for rural populations. Land titling is weak and land markets do not function well.
  • In Guinea-Bissau, the law does not give women economic rights equal to men. Men and women have equal legal access to agricultural land, but this is not effectively enforced and discriminatory practices against women continue, increasing their vulnerability to hunger and undernutrition.
  • Guinea-Bissau does not have a separate budget line for nutrition; this prevents transparency and accountability for spending.
  • Even though Guinea-Bissau has developed a National Nutrition Policy/Strategy and a multisectoral and multistakeholder policy coordination mechanism, clear time-bound nutrition targets are still lacking.
  • Weak access to improved sanitation facilities (19.7% in 2012) obstructs better hunger and nutrition outcomes.
  • In Guinea-Bissau, constitutional protection of the right to social security is weak.
  • The Government of Guinea-Bissau does not provide social safety nets.

Hunger Reduction Commitment Index (HRCI)

Public Spending Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Public spending on agriculture as share of total public spending
?
0.76%201343rd
Public spending on health as share of total public spending
?
7.8%201234th
Policies Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Access to land (security of tenure)
?
Weak201345th
Access to agricultural research and extension services
?
Moderate201341st
Civil registration system — coverage of live births
?
24.1%201041st
Functioning of social protection systems
?
Weak201041st
Laws Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Level of constitutional protection of the right to food
?
Moderate20138th
Equality of women’s access to agricultural land
?
In Law, not in Practice20144th
Equality of women’s economic rights
?
No201130th
Constitutional right to social security
?
No200631st

Nutrition Commitment Index (NCI)

Public Spending Score Year NCI rank of 45
Separate budget for nutrition
?
Sectoral only201428th
Policies Score Year NCI rank of 45
Vitamin A supplementation coverage for children
?
97.0%201314th
Government promotes complementary feeding
?
Yes20101st
Population with access to an improved water source
?
73.6%201226th
Population with access to improved sanitation
?
19.7%201236th
Health care visits for pregnant women
?
92.6%201019th
Nutrition features in national development policy
?
Weak201327th
National Nutrition Policy/Strategy
?
Yes20121st
Multisector and multistakeholder policy coordination
?
Yes20141st
Time bound nutrition targets
?
No201237th
National nutrition survey in last 3 years
?
Yes20141st
Laws Score Year NCI rank of 45
Enshrine ICBMS in domestic law
?
Aspects Enshrined201433rd