Key data for Guatemala

HANCI compares 45 developing countries for their performance on 22 indicators of political commitment to reduce hunger and undernutrition. All the countries compared in the index have high rates of hunger and undernutrition. The comparative approach of the index means that country scores are calculated in relation to the political commitment of the other countries in the index.
Existing rates of: Stunting: 48.00% Wasting: 1.1% Proportion of population underweight: 13.00% Source: Gov. of Guatemala (Encuesta Nacional de Salud Materno Infantil, 2009)

Strong Performance

  • Government investment in the health sector is comparatively high at 19.5% of total public spending in 2012.
  • Guatemala instituted a separate budget line for nutrition, enabling transparency and accountability for spending.
  • The National Nutrition Policy/Strategy identifies time bound nutrition targets and a multisectoral and multistakeholder policy coordination mechanism has been set up.
  • The Government has fully enshrined the International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes into domestic law.
  • The Government of Guatemala promotes complementary feeding practices.
  • 93.8% of the population of Guatemala in 2012 has access to an improved drinking water source.
  • In Guatemala 93.2% of women aged 15-49 were visited at least once during pregnancy by skilled health personnel in 2009.
  • In Guatemala, constitutional protection of the right to food and the right to social security is strong.
  • Strong civil registration rates (96.7% in 2008-2009) potentially enable children’s access to critical public services such as health and education.

Areas for improvement

  • In Guatemala, the law gives women and men equal economic rights and equal legal access to agricultural land. However, these laws are not effectively enforced and discriminatory practices against women continue, increasing their vulnerability to hunger and undernutrition.
  • Policymakers in Guatemala do not benefit from regular nutrition surveys that are statistically representative at national level. The last survey was published in 1998-1999.
  • The Government of Guatemala has only achieved two high doses of vitamin A supplementation for 13% of children in 2013.

Hunger Reduction Commitment Index (HRCI)

Public Spending Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Public spending on agriculture as share of total public spending
Public spending on health as share of total public spending
Policies Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Access to land (security of tenure)
Access to agricultural research and extension services
Civil registration system — coverage of live births
Functioning of social protection systems
Laws Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Level of constitutional protection of the right to food
Equality of women’s access to agricultural land
In Law, not in Practice20144th
Equality of women’s economic rights
Not Enforced20115th
Constitutional right to social security

Nutrition Commitment Index (NCI)

Public Spending Score Year NCI rank of 45
Separate budget for nutrition
Policies Score Year NCI rank of 45
Vitamin A supplementation coverage for children
Government promotes complementary feeding
Population with access to an improved water source
Population with access to improved sanitation
Health care visits for pregnant women
Nutrition features in national development policy
National Nutrition Policy/Strategy
Multisector and multistakeholder policy coordination
Time bound nutrition targets
National nutrition survey in last 3 years
Laws Score Year NCI rank of 45
Enshrine ICBMS in domestic law
Fully enshrined20141st