Key data for Guatemala

NCI2nd HRCI2nd HANCI1st
HANCI compares 45 countries for their performance on 22 indicators of political commitment to reduce hunger and undernutrition. All the countries compared in the index have high rates of hunger and undernutrition. The comparative approach of the index means that country scores are calculated in relation to the political commitment of the other countries in the index.
Existing rates of: Stunting: 46.5% Wasting: 0.7% Proportion of population underweight: 0.7% Source: Government of Guatemala (DHS, 2014-15)

Strong Performance

  • The Government investment in the health sector is comparatively high at 14.9% of total public spending in 2015.
  • Relative to other HANCI countries, Guatemala’s medium/long term national development policy (Política General de Gobierno 2016 - 2020) assigns strong importance to nutrition.
  • Guatemala instituted a separate budget line for nutrition, enabling transparency and accountability for spending.
  • The National Nutrition Policy/Strategy identifies time bound nutrition targets and a multisectoral and multistakeholder policy coordination mechanism has been set up.
  • Policymakers in Guatemala benefit from regular nutrition surveys that are statistically representative at national level. The last survey was published in 2014-2015.
  • The Government has fully enshrined the International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes into domestic law.
  • The Government of Guatemala promotes complementary feeding practices.
  • 94.3% of the population of Guatemala in 2015 has access to an improved drinking water source.
  • In Guatemala 91.3% of women aged 15-49 were visited at least once during pregnancy by skilled health personnel in 2014-2015.
  • In Guatemala, constitutional protection of the right to food and the right to social security is strong.

Areas for improvement

  • In Guatemala, the law gives women and men equal economic rights and equal legal access to agricultural land. However, these laws are not effectively enforced and discriminatory practices against women continue, increasing their vulnerability to hunger and undernutrition.
  • The Government of Guatemala has achieved two high doses of vitamin A supplementation for only 15% of children in 2015.
  • Social safety nets in Guatemala are basic and only cover few risks for a limited number of beneficiaries.

Hunger Reduction Commitment Index (HRCI)

Public Spending Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Public spending on agriculture as share of total public spending
?
1.6%201640th
Public spending on health as share of total public spending
?
14.9%20153rd
Policies Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Access to land (security of tenure)
?
Moderate201627th
Access to agricultural research and extension services
?
Moderate201326th
Civil registration system — coverage of live births
?
96.5%2014-20152nd
Functioning of social protection systems
?
Weak2016Joint 11th
Laws Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Level of constitutional protection of the right to food
?
Strong2017Joint 1st
Equality of women’s access to agricultural land
?
In Law, not in Practice2014Joint 4th
Equality of women’s economic rights
?
In Law, not in Practice2014Joint 1st
Constitutional right to social security
?
Yes2017Joint 1st

Nutrition Commitment Index (NCI)

Public Spending Score Year NCI rank of 45
Separate budget for nutrition
?
Yes2017Joint 1st
Policies Score Year NCI rank of 45
Vitamin A supplementation coverage for children
?
15%201540th
Government promotes complementary feeding
?
Yes2012Joint 1st
Population with access to an improved water source
?
94.3%20156th
Population with access to improved sanitation
?
78.6%20152nd
Health care visits for pregnant women
?
91.3%2014-201522nd
Nutrition features in national development policy
?
Strong2016-20203rd
National Nutrition Policy/Strategy
?
Yes2017Joint 1st
Multisector and multistakeholder policy coordination
?
Yes2017Joint 1st
Time bound nutrition targets
?
Yes2017Joint 1st
National nutrition survey in last 3 years
?
Yes2014-2015Joint 1st
Laws Score Year NCI rank of 45
Enshrine ICBMS in domestic law
?
Fully Enshrined2016Joint 1st