Key data for Ghana

NCI26th HRCI16th HANCI22nd
HANCI compares 45 countries for their performance on 22 indicators of political commitment to reduce hunger and undernutrition. All the countries compared in the index have high rates of hunger and undernutrition. The comparative approach of the index means that country scores are calculated in relation to the political commitment of the other countries in the index.
Existing rates of: Stunting: 18.8% Wasting: 4.7% Proportion of population underweight: 4.7% Source: Government of Ghana (DHS, 2014)

Strong Performance

  • The Government of Ghana has ensured tenure security for rural populations. Land titling is common and land markets function well. Policy promotes equitable access to common property resources.
  • The Government encourages varied agricultural research and extension services, and local farmer organisations are involved in setting policy priorities. The extension system is effective and properly reaches out to poor farmers. Government policies, strategies and mechanisms seek to ensure gender equity in access to extension services.
  • Relative to other HANCI countries, Ghana’s medium/long term national development policy (Ghana Shared Growth and Development Agenda II (GSGDA) Volume I: Policy Framework) assigns strong importance to nutrition.
  • Ghana has devised a National Nutrition Policy/Strategy.
  • Ghana has introduced a multisectoral and multistakeholder policy coordination mechanism to support delivery of the National Nutrition Policy/Strategy.
  • Policymakers in Ghana benefit from regular nutrition surveys that are statistically representative at national level. The last survey was published in 2014.
  • The Government has fully enshrined the International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes into domestic law.
  • The Government of Ghana promotes complementary feeding practices.
  • In Ghana 90.5% of women aged 15-49 were visited at least once during pregnancy by skilled health personnel in 2014.
  • In Ghana, constitutional protection of the right to social security is strong.

Areas for improvement

  • Spending on agriculture (6% of public spending in 2016), does not meet government commitments set out in the African Union’s Maputo Declaration (10% of public spending).
  • Ghana’s spending in its health sector (7.1% of public spending in 2015) does not fully meet (15%) commitments set out in the Abuja Declaration.
  • In Ghana, the law does not give women legal access to agricultural land equal to men. Men and women have equal economic rights, but this is not effectively enforced and discriminatory practices against women continue, increasing their vulnerability to hunger and undernutrition.
  • Even though Ghana has developed a National Nutrition Policy/Strategy and a multisectoral and multistakeholder policy coordination mechanism, clear time-bound nutrition targets are still lacking.
  • The Government of Ghana has achieved two high doses of vitamin A supplementation for only 28% of children in 2015.
  • Weak access to improved sanitation facilities (14.3% in 2015) obstructs better hunger and nutrition outcomes.
  • Social safety nets in Ghana are basic and only cover few risks for a limited number of beneficiaries.

Hunger Reduction Commitment Index (HRCI)

Public Spending Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Public spending on agriculture as share of total public spending
?
6%201619th
Public spending on health as share of total public spending
?
7.1%201519th
Policies Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Access to land (security of tenure)
?
Strong2016Joint 10th
Access to agricultural research and extension services
?
Strong2013Joint 15th
Civil registration system — coverage of live births
?
70.5%201420th
Functioning of social protection systems
?
Weak2016Joint 11th
Laws Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Level of constitutional protection of the right to food
?
Moderate2014Joint 10th
Equality of women’s access to agricultural land
?
Not in Law2014Joint 41st
Equality of women’s economic rights
?
In Law, not in Practice2014Joint 1st
Constitutional right to social security
?
Yes2006Joint 1st

Nutrition Commitment Index (NCI)

Public Spending Score Year NCI rank of 45
Separate budget for nutrition
?
Sectoral only2017Joint 22nd
Policies Score Year NCI rank of 45
Vitamin A supplementation coverage for children
?
28%201537th
Government promotes complementary feeding
?
Yes2014Joint 1st
Population with access to an improved water source
?
88.5%201515th
Population with access to improved sanitation
?
14.3%201540th
Health care visits for pregnant women
?
90.5%201425th
Nutrition features in national development policy
?
Strong2014-20178th
National Nutrition Policy/Strategy
?
Yes2017Joint 1st
Multisector and multistakeholder policy coordination
?
Yes2017Joint 1st
Time bound nutrition targets
?
No2017Joint 43rd
National nutrition survey in last 3 years
?
Yes2014Joint 1st
Laws Score Year NCI rank of 45
Enshrine ICBMS in domestic law
?
Fully Enshrined2016Joint 1st