Key data for Congo, DR

NCI35th HRCI27th HANCI34th
HANCI compares 45 developing countries for their performance on 22 indicators of political commitment to reduce hunger and undernutrition. All the countries compared in the index have high rates of hunger and undernutrition. The comparative approach of the index means that country scores are calculated in relation to the political commitment of the other countries in the index.
Existing rates of: Stunting: 42.60% Wasting: 8.1% Proportion of population underweight: 23.40% Source: Gov. of DR Congo (DHS, 2013)

Strong Performance

  • Relative to other HANCI countries, DR Congo's medium/long term national development policy (GPRSP II) assigns strong importance to nutrition.
  • DR Congo has devised a National Nutrition Policy/Strategy.
  • DR Congo has introduced a multisectoral and multistakeholder policy coordination mechanism to support delivery of the National Nutrition Policy/Strategy.
  • Policymakers in DR Congo benefit from regular nutrition surveys that are statistically representative at national level. The last survey was published in 2013-2014.
  • The Government has enshrined aspects of the International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes into domestic law.
  • The Government of DR Congo promotes complementary feeding practices and has achieved two high doses of vitamin A supplementation for 98% of children in 2013.
  • In DR Congo, constitutional protection of the right to food and the right to social security is strong.

Areas for improvement

  • Spending on agriculture (2.66% of public spending in 2013), does not meet government commitments set out in the African Union’s Maputo Declaration (10% of public spending).
  • DR Congo’s spending in its health sector (12.8% of public spending in 2012) is close to, yet not fully meeting government commitments set out in the African Union's Abuja Declaration (15% of public spending).
  • In DR Congo, the law does not give women economic rights equal to men. Men and women have equal legal access to agricultural land, but this is not effectively enforced and discriminatory practices against women continue, increasing their vulnerability to hunger and undernutrition.
  • DR Congo does not have a separate budget line for nutrition; this prevents transparency and accountability for spending.
  • Even though DR Congo has developed a National Nutrition Policy/Strategy and a multisectoral and multistakeholder policy coordination mechanism, clear time-bound nutrition targets are still lacking.
  • Weak access to an improved source of drinking water (46.5% in 2012) and an improved sanitation facility (31.4% in 2012) prevents positive outcomes for hunger and nutrition in DR Congo.
  • The Government of DR Congo does not provide social safety nets.
  • Civil registration rates are weak (27.8% in 2010) and potentially hold back children’s access to critical public services such as health and education.

Hunger Reduction Commitment Index (HRCI)

Public Spending Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Public spending on agriculture as share of total public spending
?
2.66%201333rd
Public spending on health as share of total public spending
?
12.8%201211th
Policies Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Access to land (security of tenure)
?
Moderate201325th
Access to agricultural research and extension services
?
Moderate201332nd
Civil registration system — coverage of live births
?
27.8%201039th
Functioning of social protection systems
?
Weak201441st
Laws Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Level of constitutional protection of the right to food
?
Strong20111st
Equality of women’s access to agricultural land
?
In Law, not in Practice20144th
Equality of women’s economic rights
?
No201130th
Constitutional right to social security
?
Yes20061st

Nutrition Commitment Index (NCI)

Public Spending Score Year NCI rank of 45
Separate budget for nutrition
?
Sectoral only201428th
Policies Score Year NCI rank of 45
Vitamin A supplementation coverage for children
?
98.0%201311th
Government promotes complementary feeding
?
Yes20141st
Population with access to an improved water source
?
46.5%201245th
Population with access to improved sanitation
?
31.4%201225th
Health care visits for pregnant women
?
88.8%201025th
Nutrition features in national development policy
?
Moderate201411th
National Nutrition Policy/Strategy
?
Yes20141st
Multisector and multistakeholder policy coordination
?
Yes20141st
Time bound nutrition targets
?
No201237th
National nutrition survey in last 3 years
?
Yes20141st
Laws Score Year NCI rank of 45
Enshrine ICBMS in domestic law
?
Aspects Enshrined201421st