Key data for Cambodia

NCI22nd HRCI28th HANCI26th
HANCI compares 45 countries for their performance on 22 indicators of political commitment to reduce hunger and undernutrition. All the countries compared in the index have high rates of hunger and undernutrition. The comparative approach of the index means that country scores are calculated in relation to the political commitment of the other countries in the index.
Existing rates of: Stunting: 32.4% Wasting: 9.6% Proportion of population underweight: 9.6% Source: Government of Cambodia (DHS, 2014)

Strong Performance

  • In Cambodia, the law gives women equal access to agricultural land as men and these rights are upheld in practice. This reduces women’s vulnerability to hunger and undernutrition.
  • Relative to other HANCI countries, Cambodia’s medium/long term national development policy (National Strategic Development Plan) assigns strong importance to nutrition.
  • The National Nutrition Policy/Strategy identifies time bound nutrition targets and a multisectoral and multistakeholder policy coordination mechanism has been set up.
  • Policymakers in Cambodia benefit from regular nutrition surveys that are statistically representative at national level. The last survey was published in 2014.
  • The Government of Cambodia promotes complementary feeding practices.
  • In Cambodia 95.3% of women aged 15-49 were visited at least once during pregnancy by skilled health personnel in 2014.
  • In Cambodia, constitutional protection of the right to social security is strong.

Areas for improvement

  • In Cambodia, the law gives women and men equal economic rights. However, these laws are not effectively enforced and discriminatory practices against women continue, increasing their vulnerability to hunger and undernutrition.
  • The Government of Cambodia has achieved two high doses of vitamin A supplementation for only 63% of children in 2015.
  • Weak access to improved sanitation facilities (48.8% in 2015) obstructs better hunger and nutrition outcomes.
  • In Cambodia, constitutional protection of the right to food is weak.
  • Social safety nets in Cambodia are basic and only cover few risks for a limited number of beneficiaries.

Hunger Reduction Commitment Index (HRCI)

Public Spending Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Public spending on agriculture as share of total public spending
?
2%201035th
Public spending on health as share of total public spending
?
6.1%201523rd
Policies Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Access to land (security of tenure)
?
Moderate2016Joint 20th
Access to agricultural research and extension services
?
Moderate2013Joint 41st
Civil registration system — coverage of live births
?
73.3%201416th
Functioning of social protection systems
?
Weak2016Joint 22nd
Laws Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Level of constitutional protection of the right to food
?
Weak2016Joint 30th
Equality of women’s access to agricultural land
?
In Law & Practice2014Joint 1st
Equality of women’s economic rights
?
In Law, not in Practice2014Joint 1st
Constitutional right to social security
?
Yes2017Joint 1st

Nutrition Commitment Index (NCI)

Public Spending Score Year NCI rank of 45
Separate budget for nutrition
?
Sectoral only2017Joint 22nd
Policies Score Year NCI rank of 45
Vitamin A supplementation coverage for children
?
63%201530th
Government promotes complementary feeding
?
Yes2010Joint 1st
Population with access to an improved water source
?
75.4%201531st
Population with access to improved sanitation
?
48.8%201516th
Health care visits for pregnant women
?
95.3%201415th
Nutrition features in national development policy
?
Strong2014-20182nd
National Nutrition Policy/Strategy
?
Yes2017Joint 1st
Multisector and multistakeholder policy coordination
?
Yes2017Joint 1st
Time bound nutrition targets
?
Yes2017Joint 1st
National nutrition survey in last 3 years
?
Yes2014Joint 1st
Laws Score Year NCI rank of 45
Enshrine ICBMS in domestic law
?
Many Aspects Enshrined2016Joint 20th