Key data for Cambodia

NCI32nd HRCI27th HANCI32nd
HANCI compares 45 developing countries for their performance on 22 indicators of political commitment to reduce hunger and undernutrition. All the countries compared in the index have high rates of hunger and undernutrition. The comparative approach of the index means that country scores are calculated in relation to the political commitment of the other countries in the index.
Existing rates of: Stunting: 32.40% Wasting: 9.6% Proportion of population underweight: 23.90% Source: Gov. of Cambodia (DHS, 2014)

Strong Performance

  • In Cambodia, the law gives women equal access to agricultural land as men and these rights are upheld in practice. This reduces women's vulnerability to hunger and undernutrition.
  • Relative to other HANCI countries, Cambodia's medium/long term national development policy (National Strategic Development Plan) assigns strong importance to nutrition.
  • The National Nutrition Policy/Strategy identifies time bound nutrition targets and a multisectoral and multistakeholder policy coordination mechanism has been set up.
  • The Government has enshrined aspects of the International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes into domestic law.
  • The Government of Cambodia promotes complementary feeding practices and has achieved two high doses of vitamin A supplementation for 90% of children in 2013.
  • In Cambodia, constitutional protection of the right to social security is strong.

Areas for improvement

  • In Cambodia, the law gives women and men equal economic rights. However, these laws are not effectively enforced and discriminatory practices against women continue, increasing their vulnerability to hunger and undernutrition.
  • Cambodia does not have a separate budget line for nutrition; this prevents transparency and accountability for spending.
  • Policymakers in Cambodia do not benefit from regular nutrition surveys that are statistically representative at national level. The last survey was published in 2010.
  • Weak access to improved sanitation facilities (36.8% in 2012) obstructs better hunger and nutrition outcomes.
  • Civil registration rates are weak (62.1% in 2010) and potentially hold back children’s access to critical public services such as health and education.

Hunger Reduction Commitment Index (HRCI)

Public Spending Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Public spending on agriculture as share of total public spending
?
4.8%200921st
Public spending on health as share of total public spending
?
6.7%201239th
Policies Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Access to land (security of tenure)
?
Moderate201322nd
Access to agricultural research and extension services
?
Moderate201341st
Civil registration system — coverage of live births
?
62.1%201024th
Functioning of social protection systems
?
Weak201422nd
Laws Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Level of constitutional protection of the right to food
?
Moderate20118th
Equality of women’s access to agricultural land
?
In Law and Practice20141st
Equality of women’s economic rights
?
Not Enforced20115th
Constitutional right to social security
?
Yes20061st

Nutrition Commitment Index (NCI)

Public Spending Score Year NCI rank of 45
Separate budget for nutrition
?
Sectoral only201228th
Policies Score Year NCI rank of 45
Vitamin A supplementation coverage for children
?
90.0%201322nd
Government promotes complementary feeding
?
Yes20101st
Population with access to an improved water source
?
71.3%201227th
Population with access to improved sanitation
?
36.8%201221st
Health care visits for pregnant women
?
89.1%201024th
Nutrition features in national development policy
?
Strong20144th
National Nutrition Policy/Strategy
?
Yes20141st
Multisector and multistakeholder policy coordination
?
Yes20121st
Time bound nutrition targets
?
Yes20121st
National nutrition survey in last 3 years
?
No201434th
Laws Score Year NCI rank of 45
Enshrine ICBMS in domestic law
?
Aspects Enshrined201421st