Key data for Burkina Faso

NCI27th HRCI9th HANCI14th
HANCI compares 45 countries for their performance on 22 indicators of political commitment to reduce hunger and undernutrition. All the countries compared in the index have high rates of hunger and undernutrition. The comparative approach of the index means that country scores are calculated in relation to the political commitment of the other countries in the index.
Existing rates of: Stunting: 27.3% Wasting: 7.6% Proportion of population underweight: 7.6% Source: Government of Burkina Faso (National Nutrition Survey, 2016)

Strong Performance

  • Spending on agriculture (10.5% of public spending in 2016) meets government commitments set out in the African Union’s Maputo Declaration (10% of public spending).
  • The Government encourages varied agricultural research and extension services, and local farmer organisations are involved in setting policy priorities. The extension system is effective and properly reaches out to poor farmers. Government policies, strategies and mechanisms seek to ensure gender equity in access to extension services.
  • Relative to other HANCI countries, Burkina Faso’s medium/long term national development policy (Plan national de développement économique et social (PNDES)) assigns strong importance to nutrition.
  • Burkina Faso has introduced a multisectoral and multistakeholder policy coordination mechanism to support delivery of the National Nutrition Policy/Strategy.
  • Policymakers in Burkina Faso benefit from regular nutrition surveys that are statistically representative at national level. The last survey was published in 2016.
  • The Government of Burkina Faso promotes complementary feeding practices and has achieved two high doses of vitamin A supplementation for 99% of children in 2015.
  • In Burkina Faso 94.3% of women aged 15-49 were visited at least once during pregnancy by skilled health personnel in 2010.
  • In Burkina Faso, constitutional protection of the right to social security is strong.

Areas for improvement

  • Burkina Faso’s spending in its health sector (7.2% of public spending in 2015) does not fully meet (15%) commitments set out in the Abuja Declaration.
  • In Burkina Faso, the law gives women and men equal economic rights and equal legal access to agricultural land. However, these laws are not effectively enforced and discriminatory practices against women continue, increasing their vulnerability to hunger and undernutrition.
  • Burkina Faso does not yet have a National Nutrition Policy/Strategy.
  • Weak access to improved sanitation facilities (22.5% in 2015) obstructs better hunger and nutrition outcomes.
  • Social safety nets in Burkina Faso are basic and only cover few risks for a limited number of beneficiaries.

Hunger Reduction Commitment Index (HRCI)

Public Spending Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Public spending on agriculture as share of total public spending
Public spending on health as share of total public spending
Policies Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Access to land (security of tenure)
Moderate2016Joint 37th
Access to agricultural research and extension services
Strong2013Joint 2nd
Civil registration system — coverage of live births
Functioning of social protection systems
Weak2016Joint 22nd
Laws Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Level of constitutional protection of the right to food
Moderate2014Joint 10th
Equality of women’s access to agricultural land
In Law, not in Practice2014Joint 4th
Equality of women’s economic rights
In Law, not in Practice2014Joint 1st
Constitutional right to social security
Yes2017Joint 1st

Nutrition Commitment Index (NCI)

Public Spending Score Year NCI rank of 45
Separate budget for nutrition
Sectoral only2017Joint 22nd
Policies Score Year NCI rank of 45
Vitamin A supplementation coverage for children
99%2015Joint 1st
Government promotes complementary feeding
Yes2010Joint 1st
Population with access to an improved water source
Population with access to improved sanitation
Health care visits for pregnant women
Nutrition features in national development policy
National Nutrition Policy/Strategy
No2017Joint 42nd
Multisector and multistakeholder policy coordination
Yes2017Joint 1st
Time bound nutrition targets
Yes2016Joint 1st
National nutrition survey in last 3 years
Yes2016Joint 1st
Laws Score Year NCI rank of 45
Enshrine ICBMS in domestic law
Many Aspects Enshrined2016Joint 20th