Key data for Brazil

NCI4th HRCI9th HANCI5th
HANCI compares 45 developing countries for their performance on 22 indicators of political commitment to reduce hunger and undernutrition. All the countries compared in the index have high rates of hunger and undernutrition. The comparative approach of the index means that country scores are calculated in relation to the political commitment of the other countries in the index.
Existing rates of: Stunting: 7.10% Wasting: 1.6% Proportion of population underweight: 2.20% Source: Gov. of Brazil (PNDS, 2007)

Strong Performance

  • Government of Brazil has ensured tenure security for rural populations. Land titling is common and land markets function well. Policy promotes equitable access to common property resources.
  • The Government encourages varied agricultural research and extension services, and local farmer organisations are involved in setting policy priorities. The extension system is effective and properly reaches out to poor farmers. Government policies, strategies and mechanisms seek to ensure gender equity in access to extension services.
  • In Brazil, the law gives women equal access to agricultural land as men and these rights are upheld in practice. This reduces women's vulnerability to hunger and undernutrition.
  • Relative to other HANCI countries, Brazil's medium/long term national development policy (Plano Plurianual (PPA): Plano Mais Brasil) assigns strong importance to nutrition.
  • Brazil instituted a separate budget line for nutrition, enabling transparency and accountability for spending.
  • The National Nutrition Policy/Strategy identifies time bound nutrition targets and a multisectoral and multistakeholder policy coordination mechanism has been set up.
  • The Government has fully enshrined the International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes into domestic law.
  • The Government of Brazil promotes complementary feeding practices.
  • 97.5% of the population of Brazil in 2012 has access to an improved drinking water source.
  • In Brazil 98.2% of women aged 15-49 were visited at least once during pregnancy by skilled health personnel in 2009.
  • In Brazil, constitutional protection of the right to food and the right to social security is strong.
  • Brazil ’s social safety nets are well developed, but do not cover all risks for all of the population.

Areas for improvement

  • In Brazil, the law gives women and men equal economic rights. However, these laws are not effectively enforced and discriminatory practices against women continue, increasing their vulnerability to hunger and undernutrition.
  • Policymakers in Brazil do not benefit from regular nutrition surveys that are statistically representative at national level. The last survey was published in 2007.
  • The Government of Brazil has only achieved two high doses of vitamin A supplementation for 13.82% of children in 2013.

Hunger Reduction Commitment Index (HRCI)

Public Spending Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Public spending on agriculture as share of total public spending
?
2.0%201137th
Public spending on health as share of total public spending
?
7.6%201236th
Policies Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Access to land (security of tenure)
?
Strong20135th
Access to agricultural research and extension services
?
Strong20131st
Civil registration system — coverage of live births
?
92.8%20114th
Functioning of social protection systems
?
Strong20141st
Laws Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Level of constitutional protection of the right to food
?
Strong20131st
Equality of women’s access to agricultural land
?
In Law and Practice20141st
Equality of women’s economic rights
?
Not Enforced20115th
Constitutional right to social security
?
Yes20061st

Nutrition Commitment Index (NCI)

Public Spending Score Year NCI rank of 45
Separate budget for nutrition
?
Yes20121st
Policies Score Year NCI rank of 45
Vitamin A supplementation coverage for children
?
13.8%201342nd
Government promotes complementary feeding
?
Yes20121st
Population with access to an improved water source
?
97.5%20121st
Population with access to improved sanitation
?
81.3%20121st
Health care visits for pregnant women
?
98.2%20092nd
Nutrition features in national development policy
?
Moderate201315th
National Nutrition Policy/Strategy
?
Yes20141st
Multisector and multistakeholder policy coordination
?
Yes20121st
Time bound nutrition targets
?
Yes20141st
National nutrition survey in last 3 years
?
No201234th
Laws Score Year NCI rank of 45
Enshrine ICBMS in domestic law
?
Fully enshrined20141st