Key data for Bangladesh

NCI9th HRCI20th HANCI14th
HANCI compares 45 developing countries for their performance on 22 indicators of political commitment to reduce hunger and undernutrition. All the countries compared in the index have high rates of hunger and undernutrition. The comparative approach of the index means that country scores are calculated in relation to the political commitment of the other countries in the index.
Existing rates of: Stunting: 42.00% Wasting: 9.6% Proportion of population underweight: 31.90% Source: Gov. of Bangladesh (MICS, 2013)

Strong Performance

  • Relative to other HANCI countries, Bangladesh's medium/long term national development policy (Perspective Plan of Bangladesh 2010-2021: Making Vision 2021 a Reality) assigns strong importance to nutrition.
  • Bangladesh instituted a separate budget line for nutrition, enabling transparency and accountability for spending.
  • The National Nutrition Policy/Strategy identifies time bound nutrition targets and a multisectoral and multistakeholder policy coordination mechanism has been set up.
  • Policymakers in Bangladesh benefit from regular nutrition surveys that are statistically representative at national level. The last survey was published in 2013.
  • The Government has enshrined aspects of the International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes into domestic law.
  • The Government of Bangladesh promotes complementary feeding practices and has achieved two high doses of vitamin A supplementation for 97% of children in 2013.
  • In Bangladesh, constitutional protection of the right to social security is strong.

Areas for improvement

  • In Bangladesh, the law gives women and men equal economic rights and equal legal access to agricultural land. However, these laws are not effectively enforced and discriminatory practices against women continue, increasing their vulnerability to hunger and undernutrition.
  • Weak access to improved sanitation facilities (57% in 2012) obstructs better hunger and nutrition outcomes.
  • In Bangladesh only 52.5% of women aged 15-49 were visited at least once during pregnancy by skilled health personnel in 2013.
  • In Bangladesh, constitutional protection of the right to food is weak.
  • Civil registration rates are weak (30.5% in 2011) and potentially hold back children’s access to critical public services such as health and education.

Hunger Reduction Commitment Index (HRCI)

Public Spending Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Public spending on agriculture as share of total public spending
?
8.9%20097th
Public spending on health as share of total public spending
?
7.7%201235th
Policies Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Access to land (security of tenure)
?
Moderate201335th
Access to agricultural research and extension services
?
Moderate201332nd
Civil registration system — coverage of live births
?
30.5%201136th
Functioning of social protection systems
?
Weak201412th
Laws Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Level of constitutional protection of the right to food
?
Weak201120th
Equality of women’s access to agricultural land
?
In Law, not in Practice20144th
Equality of women’s economic rights
?
Not Enforced20115th
Constitutional right to social security
?
Yes20061st

Nutrition Commitment Index (NCI)

Public Spending Score Year NCI rank of 45
Separate budget for nutrition
?
Yes20141st
Policies Score Year NCI rank of 45
Vitamin A supplementation coverage for children
?
97.0%201314th
Government promotes complementary feeding
?
Yes20121st
Population with access to an improved water source
?
84.8%201216th
Population with access to improved sanitation
?
57.0%201213th
Health care visits for pregnant women
?
52.5%201343rd
Nutrition features in national development policy
?
Strong20143rd
National Nutrition Policy/Strategy
?
Yes20141st
Multisector and multistakeholder policy coordination
?
Yes20141st
Time bound nutrition targets
?
Yes20141st
National nutrition survey in last 3 years
?
Yes20141st
Laws Score Year NCI rank of 45
Enshrine ICBMS in domestic law
?
Aspects Enshrined201421st