Key data for Bangladesh

NCI9th HRCI38th HANCI22nd
HANCI compares 45 countries for their performance on 22 indicators of political commitment to reduce hunger and undernutrition. All the countries compared in the index have high rates of hunger and undernutrition. The comparative approach of the index means that country scores are calculated in relation to the political commitment of the other countries in the index.
Existing rates of: Stunting: 36.1% Wasting: 14.3% Proportion of population underweight: 14.3% Source: Government of Bangladesh (DHS, 2014)

Strong Performance

  • Relative to other HANCI countries, Bangladesh’s medium/long term national development policy (Seventh Five Year Plan FY 2016-2020: Accelerating growth, empowering citizens) assigns strong importance to nutrition.
  • Bangladesh instituted a separate budget line for nutrition, enabling transparency and accountability for spending.
  • The National Nutrition Policy/Strategy identifies time bound nutrition targets and a multisectoral and multistakeholder policy coordination mechanism has been set up.
  • Policymakers in Bangladesh benefit from regular nutrition surveys that are statistically representative at national level. The last survey was published in 2014.
  • The Government of Bangladesh promotes complementary feeding practices and has achieved two high doses of vitamin A supplementation for 99% of children in 2015.
  • 98.5% of the population of Bangladesh in 2015 has access to an improved drinking water source.
  • In Bangladesh, constitutional protection of the right to social security is strong.

Areas for improvement

  • In Bangladesh, the law gives women and men equal economic rights and equal legal access to agricultural land. However, these laws are not effectively enforced and discriminatory practices against women continue, increasing their vulnerability to hunger and undernutrition.
  • Weak access to improved sanitation facilities (46.9% in 2015) obstructs better hunger and nutrition outcomes.
  • In Bangladesh only 63.9% of women aged 15-49 were visited at least once during pregnancy by skilled health personnel in 2014.
  • In Bangladesh, constitutional protection of the right to food is weak.
  • Social safety nets in Bangladesh are basic and only cover few risks for a limited number of beneficiaries.
  • Civil registration rates are weak (37% in 2012-2013) and potentially hold back children’s access to critical public services such as health and education.

Hunger Reduction Commitment Index (HRCI)

Public Spending Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Public spending on agriculture as share of total public spending
?
4%201728th
Public spending on health as share of total public spending
?
2.8%201541st
Policies Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Access to land (security of tenure)
?
Moderate2016Joint 20th
Access to agricultural research and extension services
?
Moderate2013Joint 32nd
Civil registration system — coverage of live births
?
37%2012-201334th
Functioning of social protection systems
?
Weak2016Joint 11th
Laws Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Level of constitutional protection of the right to food
?
Weak2016Joint 30th
Equality of women’s access to agricultural land
?
In Law, not in Practice2014Joint 4th
Equality of women’s economic rights
?
In Law, not in Practice2014Joint 1st
Constitutional right to social security
?
Yes2017Joint 1st

Nutrition Commitment Index (NCI)

Public Spending Score Year NCI rank of 45
Separate budget for nutrition
?
Yes2017Joint 1st
Policies Score Year NCI rank of 45
Vitamin A supplementation coverage for children
?
99%2015Joint 1st
Government promotes complementary feeding
?
Yes2012Joint 1st
Population with access to an improved water source
?
98.5%20151st
Population with access to improved sanitation
?
46.9%201517th
Health care visits for pregnant women
?
63.9%201440th
Nutrition features in national development policy
?
Strong2016-20209th
National Nutrition Policy/Strategy
?
Yes2017Joint 1st
Multisector and multistakeholder policy coordination
?
Yes2017Joint 1st
Time bound nutrition targets
?
Yes2017Joint 1st
National nutrition survey in last 3 years
?
Yes2014Joint 1st
Laws Score Year NCI rank of 45
Enshrine ICBMS in domestic law
?
Many Aspects Enshrined2016Joint 20th