Key data for Angola

NCI45th HRCI18th HANCI38th
HANCI compares 45 countries for their performance on 22 indicators of political commitment to reduce hunger and undernutrition. All the countries compared in the index have high rates of hunger and undernutrition. The comparative approach of the index means that country scores are calculated in relation to the political commitment of the other countries in the index.
Existing rates of: Stunting: 37.6% Wasting: 4.9% Proportion of population underweight: 4.9% Source: Government of Angola (DHS, 2015-16)

Strong Performance

  • Spending on agriculture (14.8% of public spending in 2016) meets government commitments set out in the African Union’s Maputo Declaration (10% of public spending).
  • The Government of Angola has ensured tenure security for rural populations. Land titling is common and land markets function well. Policy promotes equitable access to common property resources.
  • Angola has devised a National Nutrition Policy/Strategy.
  • Policymakers in Angola benefit from regular nutrition surveys that are statistically representative at national level. The last survey was published in 2015-2016.
  • The Government of Angola promotes complementary feeding practices.
  • In Angola, constitutional protection of the right to social security is strong.

Areas for improvement

  • Angola’s spending in its health sector (3.7% of public spending in 2015) does not fully meet (15%) commitments set out in the Abuja Declaration.
  • In Angola, the law gives women and men equal economic rights and equal legal access to agricultural land. However, these laws are not effectively enforced and discriminatory practices against women continue, increasing their vulnerability to hunger and undernutrition.
  • Relative to other HANCI countries, Angola’s medium/long term national development policy (MPLA Development Program) places weak importance to nutrition.
  • Angola does not have a separate budget line for nutrition; this prevents transparency and accountability for spending.
  • Even though Angola has developed a National Nutrition Policy/Strategy and clear time-bound nutrition targets, a multisectoral and multistakeholder policy coordination mechanism is still lacking.
  • The Government of Angola has not enshrined the International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes into domestic law.
  • The Government of Angola has achieved two high doses of vitamin A supplementation for only 14% of children in 2015.
  • Weak access to an improved source of drinking water (53.9% in 2016) and an improved sanitation facility (36.1% in 2016) prevents positive outcomes for hunger and nutrition in Angola.
  • Social safety nets in Angola are basic and only cover few risks for a limited number of beneficiaries.

Hunger Reduction Commitment Index (HRCI)

Public Spending Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Public spending on agriculture as share of total public spending
?
14.8%20163rd
Public spending on health as share of total public spending
?
3.7%2015Joint 36th
Policies Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Access to land (security of tenure)
?
Strong2016Joint 10th
Access to agricultural research and extension services
?
Moderate2013Joint 35th
Civil registration system — coverage of live births
?
25%2015-201640th
Functioning of social protection systems
?
Weak2016Joint 22nd
Laws Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Level of constitutional protection of the right to food
?
Moderate2017Joint 10th
Equality of women’s access to agricultural land
?
In Law, not in Practice2014Joint 4th
Equality of women’s economic rights
?
In Law, not in Practice2014Joint 1st
Constitutional right to social security
?
Yes2010Joint 1st

Nutrition Commitment Index (NCI)

Public Spending Score Year NCI rank of 45
Separate budget for nutrition
?
No2017Joint 35th
Policies Score Year NCI rank of 45
Vitamin A supplementation coverage for children
?
14%201541st
Government promotes complementary feeding
?
Yes2010Joint 1st
Population with access to an improved water source
?
53.9%201644th
Population with access to improved sanitation
?
36.1%201624th
Health care visits for pregnant women
?
82%2015-201634th
Nutrition features in national development policy
?
Weak2012-2017Joint 44th
National Nutrition Policy/Strategy
?
Yes2017Joint 1st
Multisector and multistakeholder policy coordination
?
No2017Joint 40th
Time bound nutrition targets
?
Yes2017Joint 1st
National nutrition survey in last 3 years
?
Yes2015-2016Joint 1st
Laws Score Year NCI rank of 45
Enshrine ICBMS in domestic law
?
Not Enshrined in Law2016Joint 38th