Key data for Angola

NCI45th HRCI39th HANCI43rd
HANCI compares 45 developing countries for their performance on 22 indicators of political commitment to reduce hunger and undernutrition. All the countries compared in the index have high rates of hunger and undernutrition. The comparative approach of the index means that country scores are calculated in relation to the political commitment of the other countries in the index.
Existing rates of: Stunting: 29.20% Wasting: 8.2% Proportion of population underweight: 15.60% Source: Gov. of Angola (Relatorio do Inquerito Sobre a Nutriçao, 2007)

Strong Performance

  • Angola has devised a National Nutrition Policy/Strategy.
  • Angola has introduced a multisectoral and multistakeholder policy coordination mechanism to support delivery of the National Nutrition Policy/Strategy.
  • The Government of Angola promotes complementary feeding practices.
  • In Angola, constitutional protection of the right to social security is strong.

Areas for improvement

  • Spending on agriculture (3.5% of public spending in 2013), does not meet government commitments set out in the African Union’s Maputo Declaration (10% of public spending).
  • Angola’s spending in its health sector (5.6% of public spending in 2012) does not fully meet (15%) commitments set out in the Abuja Declaration.
  • Government of Angola has not ensured tenure security for rural populations. Land titling is weak and land markets do not function well.
  • In Angola, the law gives women and men equal economic rights and equal legal access to agricultural land. However, these laws are not effectively enforced and discriminatory practices against women continue, increasing their vulnerability to hunger and undernutrition.
  • Relative to other HANCI countries, Angola's medium/long term national development policy (MPLA Development Program) places weak importance to nutrition.
  • Angola does not have a separate budget line for nutrition; this prevents transparency and accountability for spending.
  • Even though Angola has developed a National Nutrition Policy/Strategy and a multisectoral and multistakeholder policy coordination mechanism, clear time-bound nutrition targets are still lacking.
  • Policymakers in Angola do not benefit from regular nutrition surveys that are statistically representative at national level. The last survey was published in 2001.
  • The Government of Angola has not enshrined the International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes into domestic law.
  • The Government of Angola has only achieved two high doses of vitamin A supplementation for 48% of children in 2013.
  • Weak access to an improved source of drinking water (54.3% in 2012) and an improved sanitation facility (60.1% in 2012) prevents positive outcomes for hunger and nutrition in Angola.
  • Social safety nets in Angola are basic and only cover few risks for a limited number of beneficiaries.

Hunger Reduction Commitment Index (HRCI)

Public Spending Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Public spending on agriculture as share of total public spending
?
3.50%201328th
Public spending on health as share of total public spending
?
5.6%201242nd
Policies Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Access to land (security of tenure)
?
Weak201342nd
Access to agricultural research and extension services
?
Moderate201335th
Civil registration system — coverage of live births
?
35.6%200134th
Functioning of social protection systems
?
Weak201436th
Laws Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Level of constitutional protection of the right to food
?
Moderate20138th
Equality of women’s access to agricultural land
?
In Law, not in Practice20144th
Equality of women’s economic rights
?
Not Enforced20115th
Constitutional right to social security
?
Yes20061st

Nutrition Commitment Index (NCI)

Public Spending Score Year NCI rank of 45
Separate budget for nutrition
?
Sectoral only201228th
Policies Score Year NCI rank of 45
Vitamin A supplementation coverage for children
?
48.0%201337th
Government promotes complementary feeding
?
Yes20101st
Population with access to an improved water source
?
54.3%201238th
Population with access to improved sanitation
?
60.1%201211th
Health care visits for pregnant women
?
79.8%200733rd
Nutrition features in national development policy
?
Weak201342nd
National Nutrition Policy/Strategy
?
Yes20141st
Multisector and multistakeholder policy coordination
?
Yes20121st
Time bound nutrition targets
?
No201437th
National nutrition survey in last 3 years
?
No201434th
Laws Score Year NCI rank of 45
Enshrine ICBMS in domestic law
?
Not Enshrined in Law201444th