Key data for Afghanistan

NCI27th HRCI45th HANCI38th
HANCI compares 45 developing countries for their performance on 22 indicators of political commitment to reduce hunger and undernutrition. All the countries compared in the index have high rates of hunger and undernutrition. The comparative approach of the index means that country scores are calculated in relation to the political commitment of the other countries in the index.
Existing rates of: Stunting: 51.60% Wasting: 13.9% Proportion of population underweight: 25.00% Source: Gov. of Afghanistan (MICS, 2011)

Strong Performance

  • The National Nutrition Policy/Strategy identifies time bound nutrition targets and a multisectoral and multistakeholder policy coordination mechanism has been set up.
  • Policymakers in Afghanistan benefit from regular nutrition surveys that are statistically representative at national level. The last survey was published in 2010-2011.
  • The Government has fully enshrined the International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes into domestic law.
  • The Government of Afghanistan promotes complementary feeding practices and has achieved two high doses of vitamin A supplementation for 97% of children in 2013.

Areas for improvement

  • In Afghanistan, the law does not give women economic rights equal to men. Men and women have equal legal access to agricultural land, but this is not effectively enforced and discriminatory practices against women continue, increasing their vulnerability to hunger and undernutrition.
  • Afghanistan does not have a separate budget line for nutrition; this prevents transparency and accountability for spending.
  • Weak access to an improved source of drinking water (64.2% in 2012) and an improved sanitation facility (29% in 2012) prevents positive outcomes for hunger and nutrition in Afghanistan.
  • In Afghanistan only 47.9% of women aged 15-49 were visited at least once during pregnancy by skilled health personnel in 2011.
  • In Afghanistan, constitutional protection of the right to food and the right to social security is weak.
  • The Government of Afghanistan does not provide social safety nets.
  • Civil registration rates are weak (37.4% in 2010-2011) and potentially hold back children’s access to critical public services such as health and education.

Hunger Reduction Commitment Index (HRCI)

Public Spending Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Public spending on agriculture as share of total public spending
?
4.3%201224th
Public spending on health as share of total public spending
?
7.1%201237th
Policies Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Access to land (security of tenure)
?
Moderate201336th
Access to agricultural research and extension services
?
Moderate201334th
Civil registration system — coverage of live births
?
37.4%2010-201133rd
Functioning of social protection systems
?
Weak201441st
Laws Score Year HRCI rank of 45
Level of constitutional protection of the right to food
?
Weak200620th
Equality of women’s access to agricultural land
?
In Law, not in Practice20144th
Equality of women’s economic rights
?
No201130th
Constitutional right to social security
?
No200631st

Nutrition Commitment Index (NCI)

Public Spending Score Year NCI rank of 45
Separate budget for nutrition
?
Sectoral only201228th
Policies Score Year NCI rank of 45
Vitamin A supplementation coverage for children
?
97.0%201314th
Government promotes complementary feeding
?
Yes20121st
Population with access to an improved water source
?
64.2%201230th
Population with access to improved sanitation
?
29.0%201228th
Health care visits for pregnant women
?
47.9%201144th
Nutrition features in national development policy
?
Moderate201321st
National Nutrition Policy/Strategy
?
Yes20121st
Multisector and multistakeholder policy coordination
?
Yes20121st
Time bound nutrition targets
?
Yes20121st
National nutrition survey in last 3 years
?
Yes20141st
Laws Score Year NCI rank of 45
Enshrine ICBMS in domestic law
?
Fully enshrined20141st